Analysis of Nutritions and Functional Compositions in Phyllanthus emblica L.
Abstract: Referring to the qualltative pre-test analysis, the chemical constituents of emblica dry powder were systematically identified. Use emblica powder and fresh pulps as raw materials to determine the contents of the compositions of them respectively, such as polyphenols, polysaccharides, flavonoids, organic acids, saponins, total protein, coumarin, amino acids, vitamins and mineral elements. The results showed that material composition of emblica was diverse with phenols, sugars, saponins, organic acids, flavonoids and so on, and had little ether-soluble ingredients such as volatile oils, fats oils, cyanogenic glycosides. The contents of polyphenols, polysaccharides, total protein and organic acids in emblica powder were plentiful, and the polyphenol contents were 20%. Emblica pulps had a great number of free amino acids as many as 15 kinds, and the contents was 2.30 mg/g. In addition, the essential amino acids accounted for 60.43 percents of the total. The content of Vc was really abundant, as 125 mg/100g. There were a large number of mineral elements such as K, Ca, Mg, Mn and Fe, and it had a characteristic of high potassium and low sodium to prevent high blood pressure and maintain the normal life activities. Emblica powder contented trace elements Se as 4.41 μg/g, belonging to rich-Se fruit, which has a high health value. In conclusion, emblica is a kind of fruit, which is rich in nutrients and functional ingredients, and has potential to be further developed and utilized.
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