Father Absence and Confucian Ideas—On Psychological Motivation of Confucian Thoughts
作者: 冉启斌 ：南开大学汉语言文化学院，天津;
Abstract: Based on the analysis of Confucius’ and Mencius’ childhood experiences, genetic cause and internal state of Confucian ideas are probed. Both Confucius and Mencius had the father-absence expe-riences in childhood, and the paternal demand aroused from which caused most parts of Confucian ideas. The demanding and calling of paternal love were expressed and abreacted in the extolling and recalling of the great past eras: from Yao, Shun to Wen Wang, Wu Wang and Zhou Gong. This psychological motivation also resulted in the role playing and acting of a teacher as a father. The demand of paternal authority was achieved in advocating and stressing of LI, which was the restriction to individuals. Confucius and Mencius called for filial obedience to father, faithful ob-edience to King, and respectful obedience to Heaven. These three behaviors were rooted in LI identically, escalated hierarchically and magnified in projection one by one. Confucius and Mencius criticized the times fiercely, and their proposals were not accepted by the society, reflecting their poor adaption and cognition to society which were brought about from father absence. Father absence was the psychological motivation of Confucian ideas, and it was a possible and effective point of view.
文章引用: 冉启斌 (2014) 父爱缺失与孔孟学说—论孔孟思想生发的心理动因。 国学， 2， 75-85. doi: 10.12677/CnC.2014.24011
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