Effect of the Climate on Phenological Period of Hongyang Kiwifruit in 2013 of Shuicheng County
Abstract: The objective of the study is to elucidate the effect of climate on phonological period and the de-velopment of Hongyang kiwifruit during 2013 in Shuicheng County of Western Guizhou. Based on temperature and rainfall data of 8 automatic weather stations, which were Shaomi in north, Hou-chang, Panlong, Miluo in east, Yangmei, Faer, Jichang in west and Shunchang in south, and phono-logical period observation of Hongyang kiwifruit during 2013, meteorological impacts were expe-rimentally studied. The results showed that average temperature of the whole growth period was between 14.8˚C and 18.1˚C, and integrated temperature was above 10˚C between 4757.2˚C•d and 6211.7˚C•d. Monthly average temperature in dormant period was between 4.5˚C and 9.6˚C; mini-mum temperature was −3.1˚C in Shaomi, and there was no freezing injury. Average temperature of July was between 22.2˚C and 25.5˚C; maximum temperature was between 31.0˚C and 35.6˚C in the fruit expanding period, and there was no heat damage. The precipitation of the whole growth period was between 439.0 mm and 913.4 mm; the rainfall distributed unequally, more in the north and south, and less in the east and west. The precipitation was 0 - 17.4 mm in the period from blossom to fruit setting and 186.3 - 459.2 mm in the fruit expanding period. There was a close relationship between fruit size and precipitation during the fruit expanding period. The studies suggested that the sufficient heat quantity could meet kiwifruit growth in Hongyang, while less rainfall could not in 2013.
文章引用: 池再香 , 张 锦 , 古书鸿 , 吴 丹 , 杨淑华 (2015) 2013年气候对水城县红阳猕猴桃物候期的影响。 气候变化研究快报， 4， 80-89. doi: 10.12677/CCRL.2015.42010
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