Characteristics of Arsenic Pollution and Chemical Speciation Distribution in Construction & Demolition Waste from Five Sources
Abstract: This study was initiated to characterize and assess the arsenic (As) concentration, single factor evaluation, correlation among elements, chemical speciation and environmental risks in construc-tion & demolition (C&D) waste samples, which come from the chemical industry (CI), metallurgical (MI), light industry (LI), residential (RS), and recycled aggregates (RC). The results illustrate that the average arsenic concentration has small difference in C&D waste from five sources, and the average concentration increased in the order of RC > RS > MI > CI > TVHM-Level-III (standard threshold values of heavy metals of environmental quality standard for soils in China) > LI. Medium level pollution was defined by the single factor evaluation in RC and RS samples which polluted more severely than other source samples which were defined as low level pollution. Arsenic distribution is extremely uneven, such as the sample from a cleaning workshop in zinc smelting factory and chimney scraping litter from a steel boiler in Nanjing iron and steel plant, of which the arsenic concentration is surpassing the TVHM-Level-III. Arsenic-contaminated of CI and MIC&D waste depend on their specific craft section whether exposure to arsenic raw materials. Element correlation analysis showed that the arsenic and iron and manganese are strong positive correla-tion, arsenic is closely related to the iron and manganese in C&D waste. Risk assessment focuses on acid extractable fraction, the results show CI7-CI10 are non-risk, MI1 as low risk, MI2 as medium risk. Through chemical speciation analysis, the arsenic concentrations of the galvanizing workshop, chrome plating workshop and nickel plating workshop samples are all below the TVHM- Level-III, and arsenic mainly existed in the residual fraction. The mobility fraction of arsenic in the copper plating workshop and zinc smelter samples was relatively high; their combination with the minerals is loose, and poses a very high risk of environment.
文章引用: 高小峰 , 谷依露 , 谢 田 , 黄 晟 , 曹楠楠 , 苏良湖 , 赵由才 (2015) 五种不同来源建筑废物中砷污染特征及形态分布。 环境保护前沿， 5， 22-34. doi: 10.12677/AEP.2015.52004
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