国内外有关小学儿童元认知发展的研究综述
A Review on Primary School Children’s Meta-Cognition Development

作者: 李新宇 , 季皓洁 , 李伟健 :浙江师范大学心理研究所,浙江 金华;

关键词: 小学儿童元认知发展Primary School Children Meta-Cognition Development

摘要:
儿童元认知是认知心理学、发展心理学和教育心理学的研究热点之一。元认知是学习者有关认知加工的知识以及对自己认知加工过程的监测和控制,是促进个体有效控制学习活动提高学习效率的重要能力。本文从元认知概念结构角度,梳理了元认知的两个成分,元认知知识和元认知监控相关的发展研究,介绍了研究者普遍使用的研究方法和关注的研究问题,着重概括了元认知各成分的发展趋势,最后对该领域的研究进行总结和展望。

Abstract: Children’s meta-cognition is one of the important fields in modern cognitive, developmental and educational psychology. Meta-cognition can be defined as the evaluation and control of one’s cog-nitive processes, and is an essential capability for individuals to effectively regulate their learning activities and improve learning efficiency. The present article analyzed the relevant literature on the meta-cognition development, which includes the two components: meta-cognitive knowledge, and meta-cognitive monitor and control. The research methodology employed and the issues concerned widely by researchers were also introduced. The present article also emphasized on the developmental trends of each meta-cognitive component. Finally, the summary and prospect of the study on the meta-cognition development were given.

文章引用: 李新宇 , 季皓洁 , 李伟健 (2015) 国内外有关小学儿童元认知发展的研究综述。 心理学进展, 5, 207-215. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.54029

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