睡眠的记忆巩固功能
The Memory Consolidation Function of Sleep

作者: 辛 斐 , 袁 宏 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 睡眠记忆巩固Sleep Memory Consolidation

摘要:
睡眠有利于记忆巩固。记忆的类型不同,睡眠依赖的记忆巩固作用可能也有所不同。同时,睡眠的不同阶段(慢波睡眠和快速眼动睡眠),对不同记忆类型巩固的影响也是有差异的。近年来出现了两个理论假说,试图解释睡眠对记忆巩固作用的机制,分别是系统巩固假说和突触稳态假说。

Abstract: Sleep has been identified as an off-line state that optimizes the consolidation of newly acquired information in memory. The sleep-dependent memory consolidation effect is related to the type of memory. What’s more, the specific sleep stages perhaps contribute differently to memory consol-idation. There are two hypotheses attempting to explain the mechanism of sleep-dependent memory consolidation effect, including system consolidation hypothesis and synaptic homeostasis hypothesis.

文章引用: 辛 斐 , 袁 宏 (2015) 睡眠的记忆巩固功能。 心理学进展, 5, 199-206. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.54028

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