海员慢性酒精肝的超声诊断探析
The Ultrasound Diagnosis Analysis of Seafarers’ Chronic Alcohol Liver

作者: 陈庆云 :福建国际旅行卫生保健中心,福建 福州;

关键词: 超声诊断酒精肝价值Ultrasound Diagnosis Alcohol Liver The Value

摘要:
目的:采用超声诊断在酒精肝疾病诊断中的临床应用价值进行系统性分析与研究。方法:从海员体检病例中选取100例腹部超声检查患者,其中男性有84例,女性有16例,他们的年龄在20~50岁之间。利用超声影像学特征分析的方法,对酒精肝患者的患病率与饮酒量、性别、年龄的关系进行对比性分析(P < 0.05)。结果:经过一段时间的观察与研究发现,酒精肝患者中男性患者有84例,占据总数的84%,而女性患者有16例,占据总数的16%,两者对比具有明显的差异性。20~30岁组、31~40岁组、41~50岁组,这三组年龄段患者的患病率具有明显的差异性。其中饮酒量大的患者患病率高于饮酒量小的患者(P < 0.05)。结论:利用超声检查的方式对酒精肝患者进行诊断,有助于提高临床诊断的效果,对患者的身体损伤极小,具有很强的临床应用与研究价值。

Abstract: Objective: The clinical applied value of ultrasonic diagnosis in alcoholic liver disease is analyzed and researched. Methods: 100 cases were selected from the seafarers’ medical of patients with abdominal ultrasound examination, with 84 cases of men and women in 16 cases, their age between 20 to 50 years old. By using the method of ultrasonic imaging characteristics analysis, the relationship between prevalence rate with alcoholic liver and the drinking, sex, age is compared and analyzed (P < 0.05). Results: After a period of observation the study found that patients with alcoholic liver of male patients with 84 cases, occupied 84% of the total, while female patients with 16 cases, occupied 16% of the total; the contrast has obvious difference. The prevalence of three groups of patients with age 20 - 30, 31 - 40 and 41 - 50, has obvious difference. The prevalence rate of patients who drink a lot is higher than those who drink little (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Diagnosis of alcoholic liver patients by ultrasound examination helps to improve the effect of clinical diagnosis which has minimal positive influence on patients and has high value on clinical application and research.

文章引用: 陈庆云 (2015) 海员慢性酒精肝的超声诊断探析。 医学诊断, 5, 12-15. doi: 10.12677/MD.2015.51003

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