心理学研究方法的结构框架新探
New Exploration of Framework in Psychological Research Methods

作者: 卢志巍 , 段锦云 :苏州大学,江苏 苏州;

关键词: 研究方法定量研究实验法操纵效度Research Methods Quantitative Study Experimental Method Manipulation Validity

摘要:
恰当的研究方法是优秀的心理学研究的必要条件,因此心理学研究者不断开发新的研究方法。文章提出了心理与行为科学研究方法的结构框架,从传统的定量研究和定性研究的角度出发介绍了几种主要的心理学研究方法的概念和应用条件,并从内外部效度、控制和操纵方面对其进行了比较。文章最后对不同研究方法的综合运用作了展望。

Abstract: Appropriate methods are necessary to excellent psychological researches, so researchers are con-stantly developing new research methods. This article put forward the framework in psychological and behavioral research methods, introduced the constructs and application conditions of different methods from the perspective of qualitative study and quantitative study and compared these methods in the aspect of internal validity, external validity, control and manipulation. Finally, the integration of different methods was discussed as well.

文章引用: 卢志巍 , 段锦云 (2015) 心理学研究方法的结构框架新探。 心理学进展, 5, 180-185. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.53025

参考文献

[1] 陈向明(2000). 质的研究方法与社会科学研究. 北京: 教育出版社.

[2] 金志成, 何艳茹(2002). 心理实验设计及其数据处理. 广州: 广东高等教育出版社.

[3] 马林诺夫斯基(2001). 西太平洋的航海者. 北京: 华夏出版社.

[4] 王凡(2008). 现场实验的内部和外部效度——兼与实验室实验的效度比较. 心理科学进展, 4期, 932-935.

[5] 王磊(2002). 质的研究: 一种非常适合教育领域的研究方法——访北京大学陈向明教授. 中国教育报, 8期, 1-3.

[6] 周明洁, 张建新(2008). 心理学研究方法中“质”与“量”的整合. 心理科学进展, 1期, 163-168.

[7] Auerbach, C. F., Silverstein, L. B., & Louise, B. (2003). Qualitative data: An introduction to coding and analysis. In Qualitative Studies in Psychology. New York: New York University Press.

[8] Berg, B. L. (1995). Qualitative research methods for the social sciences. Needham Heights, Mass.: Allynand Bacon.

[9] Buboltz, W. C., Deemer, E., & Hoffmann, R. (2010). Content analysis of the Journal of Counseling Psychology: Buboltz Miller, and Williams (1999) 11 years later. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 57, 368-375.

[10] Cordery, J. L., Morrison, D., Wright, B. M., & Wall, T. D. (2010). The impact of autonomy and task uncertainty on team performance: A longitudinal field study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31, 240-258.

[11] Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (1994). Handbook of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Pub-lications.

[12] Foss, C., & Ellefsen, B. (2002). The value of combining qualitative and quantitative approaches in nursing research by means of method triangulation. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 40, 242-248.

[13] Holdford, D. (2008). Content analysis methods for conducting research in social and administrative pharmacy. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 4, 173-181.

[14] King, E. B., & Ahmad, A. S. (2010). An experimental field study of interpersonal dis-crimination toward Muslim job applicants. Personnel Psychology, 63, 881-906.

[15] Lee, T. W., Mitchell, T. R., & Sab-lynski, C. J. (1999). Qualitative research in organizational and vocational psychology, 1979-1999. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 55, 161-187.

[16] McEwan, M. J., Espie, C. A., Metcalfe, J., Brodie, M. J., & Wilson, M. T. (2004). Quality of life and psychosocial development in adolescents with epilepsy: A qualitative investigation using focus group methods. Seizure: The Journal of the British Epilepsy Association, 13, 15-31.

[17] Miller, C. L., Druss, B. G., & Rohrbaugh, R. M. (2003). Using qualitative methods to distill the active ingredients of a multifaceted intervention. Psychiatric Services, 54, 568-571.

[18] Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2003). Effect Sizes in Qualitative Research: A Prolegomenon. Quality and Quantity, 37, 393-409.

[19] Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Teddlie, C. (2002). A frame work for analyzing data in mixed methods Research. In A. Tashakkori, & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Handbook of Mixed Methods in Social and Behavioral Research (pp. 351-383). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

[20] Overcash, J. A. (2004). Using narrative research to understand the quality of life of older women with breast cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum, 31, 1153-1159.

[21] Ponterotto, J. G. (2005). Integrating qualitative research requirements into professional psychology training programs in North America: Rationale and curriculum model. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 2, 97-116.

[22] Rennie, D. L. (2009). Logic, hermeneutics, or both? Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, 5, 126-135.

[23] Rhodes, R. E., & Nasuti, G. (2011). Trends and changes in research on the psychology of physical activity across 20 years: A quantitative analysis of 10 journals. Preventive Medicine, 53, 17-23.

[24] Sale, J. E. M., Lohfeld, L. H., & Brazil, K. (2002). Revisiting the quantitative-qualitative debate: Implications for mixed- methods research. Quality and Quantity, 36, 45-53.

[25] Steiner, P. M., Cook, T. D., Shadish, W. R., & Clark, M. H. (2010). The importance of covariate selection in controlling for selection bias in observational studies. Psychological Methods, 15, 250-267.

[26] Stiles, W. B. (2009). Logical operations in theory-building case studies. Pragmatic Case Studies in Psychotherapy, 5, 9-22.

[27] Thomaes, S., Bushman, B. J., Orobio de Castro, B., Cohen, G. L., & Denissen, J. J. A. (2009). Reducing narcissistic aggression by buttressing self-esteem: An experimental field study. Psychological Science, 20, 1536-1542.

[28] Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2011). Individual differences methods for randomized experiments. Psychological Methods, 16, 298- 318.

[29] Witcher, A. E., Onwuegbuzie, A. J., & Minor, L. C. (2001). Characteristics of effective teachers: Perceptions of preservice teachers. Research in the Schools, 8, 45-57.

[30] Yauch, C. A., & Steudel, H. J. (2003). Complementary use of qualitative and quantitative cultural assessment methods. Organizational Research Methods, 6, 465-481.

分享
Top