中学生共情能力与人际关系的相关性研究
The Correlation Research on Empathy and Interpersonal Relationship among Senior Middle School Students

作者: 寇 娟 , 刘 洋 , 宋洪文 , 邹枝玲 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 中学生共情人际关系Senior Middle Students Empathy Interpersonal Relationship

摘要:
心理学家认为共情是影响人际关系质量的重要因素,本文为了探讨中学生共情能力与人际关系的相关性,了解当前中学生人际关系和共情能力的现状,选取了420名中学生作为被试进行问卷调查研究。结果表明:第一,总体来看,本调查表明中学生的人际关系整体处于偏上的水平,人际关系良好。第二,中学生的人际关系在共情能力的想象力和个人痛苦两个维度上显著相关,而在观点采择和同情关心两个维度上并不相关;中学生人际关系得分越高,其在共情量表上想象力和个人痛苦这两个维度的得分就相对越高。

Abstract: It is known that empathy has a great effect on interpersonal relationship. To invest the relationship between empathy and interpersonal relationship, this study selected 420 senior middle students to be the participants finishing the questionnaire research. The results show that firstly the score of the interpersonal relationship is higher than the norm and the interpersonal relationship among these senior middle school students is well. Secondly, the IM (empathy imagination) and personal pain are related to the interpersonal relationship significantly. However, perspective taking and EC (empathy concern) are not related to the interpersonal relationship. If the students get higher score in interpersonal relationship, the students may get higher score in empathy imaginative ability and personal pain in Empathy Scale.

文章引用: 寇 娟 , 刘 洋 , 宋洪文 , 邹枝玲 (2015) 中学生共情能力与人际关系的相关性研究。 心理学进展, 5, 134-141. doi: 10.12677/AP.2015.53019

参考文献

[1] 行娜娜(2011). 初中生的移情及其在亲社会行为中的作用研究. 硕士论文, 中国政法大学, 北京.

[2] 李晓东, 聂尤彦, 林崇德(2002). 初二年级学习困难、人际关系、自我接纳对心理健康的影响. 心理发展与教育, 2期, 68-73.

[3] 沈小红(2006). 大学生人际关系研究综述. 教书育人, 3期, 4.

[4] 吴超(2008). 中学生人际关系与主观幸福感的相关性研究. 硕士论文, 西南大学, 重庆.

[5] 翟慎娟, 郑淑杰, 王玲玉, 权子雯(2011). 大学生共情与人际关系的特点及其关系. 徐特立研究: 长沙师范学校(专科)学报, 2期, 53.

[6] 张凤凤, 董毅, 汪凯(2010). 中文版人际反应指针量表(IRI-C)的信度及效度研究. 中国临床心理学杂志, 2期, 155-157.

[7] Coy, J. D., Dodge, K. A., & Coppersmith, J. (1990). Peer group behavior and social status. In S. R. Aser, & J. D. Coie (Eds.), Peer Rejection in Childhood (pp. 19). New York: Cambridge University Press.

[8] Decety, J., & Jackson, P. L. (2006). A social-neuroscience perspective on empathy. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 54-58.

[9] Davis, M. H. (1983). The effects of dispositional empathy on emotional reactions and helping: A multidimensional approach. Journal of Personality, 51, 167-184.

[10] Feshback, N. D. (1987). Parental empathy and child adjustment/maladjustment. In N. Eisenberg, & J. Strayer (Eds.), Empathy and Its Development (pp.271-290). New York: Cambridge University Press.

[11] Jackson, P. L., Meltzoff, A. N., & Decety, J. (2005). How do we perceive the pain of others? A window into the neural processes involved in empathy. Neuroimage, 24, 771-779.

分享
Top