Retrospective Analysis of 385 Patients Received Penetrating Keratoplasty
Abstract: Objective: By analyzing the epidemiological situation of patients who did penetrating corneal trans-plantation in our hospital from 2008 to 2013, we find out the epidemiological characteristics for prevention and early treatment. Methods: We collected the data of 385 patients who accepted pene-trating corneal transplantation in six years. These cases were classified in accordance with the uni-fied domestic and abroad standard, such as indication, etiology, age, vocation and purpose distribu-tion. The epidemiological situation of penetrating corneal transplantation cases were summarized retrospectively. Results: In 6 years, most of the indications of penetrating corneal transplantation cases were infective corneal ulcer caused by various reasons, accounted for 54.5%, followed by ke-ratoconus (23.6%) and keratoleukoma (10.6%). The fungal infection was accounted for about 80% among the infective corneal ulcer. The recurrent occurrence of viral corneal ulcer (53.7%) was a leading cause of keratoleukoma. Age distribution showed that most of the patients were at their middle age from 41 to 60 years old (47.5%). The main components of professional distribution were farmers (64.2%) and workers (20.3%). The main reason of penetrating corneal transplantation cases was for therapeutic purposes (61.6%). Conclusion: Penetrating corneal transplantation is the most classic and effective method to treat corneal diseases of visual impairment. During the treat-ment of infective corneal ulcer, we need to detect and confirm the pathogens timely and to take cor-responding measures to restrain the proliferation and invasion of pathogens. Consequently, we can reduce the rate of penetrating corneal transplantation surgery.
文章引用: 丛 林 , 赵桂秋 , 林 静 , 胡丽婷 , 徐 强 , 夏一萍 , 曲建秋 , 彭旭东 (2014) 385例行穿透性角膜移植术患者的回顾性分析。 眼科学， 3， 29-34. doi: 10.12677/HJO.2014.34006
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