H4SiW12O40/SiO2催化合成3,4-二氢嘧啶-2(1H)-酮衍生物
Synthesis of 3,4-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one Derivatives Using H4SiW12O40/SiO2 as Catalyst

作者: 陈秀云 , 徐玉林 , 杨水金 :湖北师范学院化学化工学院,稀有金属化学湖北省协同创新中心,湖北 黄石;

关键词: 溶胶凝胶法H4SiW12O40/SiO2催化合成34-二氢嘧啶-2(1H)-酮Sol-Gel Technique H4SiW12O40/SiO2 Catalytic Synthesis 34-Dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-one

摘要:
采用溶胶凝胶法制备H4SiW12O40/SiO2催化剂,以对羟基苯甲醛与乙酰乙酸乙酯、尿素为原料,催化合成5-乙氧羰基-4-(4-羟基苯基)-6-甲基-3,4-二氢嘧啶-2(1H)-酮。考察了反应物摩尔比、反应温度、催化剂用量、反应时间等对产品收率的影响。实验表明,在n (对羟基苯甲醛):n (乙酰乙酸乙酯):n (尿素) = 1:1.5:1.5,反应时间为60 min,催化剂用量为反应物总质量的2.0 %,反应温度为70℃的优化条件下,5-乙氧羰基-4-(4-羟基苯基)-6-甲基-3,4-二氢嘧啶-2(1H)-酮的收率可达93.1%,且对其他几种3,4-二氢嘧啶-2(1H)-酮的催化合成收率在57.6%~95.1%之间,说明H4SiW12O40/SiO2是合成3,4-二氢嘧啶- 2(1H)-酮的良好催化剂,具有良好的应用前景。催化剂和产品结构分别经IR,XRD,SEM和1H NMR,MS表征。

Abstract: 5-Ethoxycarbonyl-4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-6-methyl-3,4-dihydropy-rimidine-2(1H)-one was synthe-sized from 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde, ethyl acetoacetate and urea using H4SiW12O40/SiO2 as a novel eco-friendly catalyst prepared by a sol-gel technique. The influences of molar ratio of reactant, reaction temperature, catalyst dosage and reaction time were discussed. The optimum conditions are: molar ratio of 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde to ethyl acetoacetate to urea is 1:1.5:1.5; reaction tem-perature is 70˚C; catalyst dosage is equal to 2.0% of feed stocks and the reaction time is 60 min; the yield of the product is 93.1%. And the synthesis of other kinds of 3,4-dihydropyrimidine- 2(1H)-one was also tested, and the yield of the products could reach 57.6% - 95.1%. Experimental results reveal that H4SiW12O40/SiO2 is an excellent catalyst for synthesis of 3,4-dihydropy-rimi- dine-2(1H)-one and has good prospects. The catalyst and synthesis products were characterized by IR, XRD and SEM, and 1H NMR and MS, respectively.

文章引用: 陈秀云 , 徐玉林 , 杨水金 (2015) H4SiW12O40/SiO2催化合成3,4-二氢嘧啶-2(1H)-酮衍生物。 有机化学研究, 3, 1-8. doi: 10.12677/JOCR.2015.31001

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