Analysis on Components of Fatty Acids from New Jatropha Cultivars Seed Oils and Their Potential of Preparing Biodiesel
Abstract: Analysis of compounds of high-acid oil extracted with machine from two new jatropha cultivar seed had been carried out by Gas Chromatography (GC) since 2010. At the same time, using bamboo carbon base solid acid as a catalyst and the new jatropha cultivars seed oils as raw materials, impact factors of esterification reaction had been investigated, and esterification rate of the jatropha cultivars seed oils and main fatty acid compounds were also determined by GC. The results showed that the jatropha cultivars oils are mainly composition of palmitic acid, palmiticoleic acid, stearic, oleic and linoleic. Differences between both the seed oils of the different jatropha cultivars found mainly expression in the relative ratio of different fatty acids, indicating that a significant change in the relative ratio of the different fatty acids can be considered as an evolutionary evidence of jatropha population. On the basis of jatropha seed oils with high-acid value, esterification of the new jatropha seed oils was carried out using bamboo carbon base solid acid as a catalyst, and had achieved esterification rates of 86.5% - 89.7%. The products of the esterification are mainly composed of palmitic acid methyl, oleic methyl and linoleic methyl, and difference between these jatropha cultivars also found expression in the relative ratio of different fatty acid methyls. Black winkle-leafed jatropha cultivar is distinctive to the other two cultivars, which in the front rank of the fatty acid methyls is linoleic methyl that is the highest (42%) followed by oleic methyl (36%) and stearic methyl (16%), whist rank of other two cultivars is oleic methyl (42%) that is highest followed by linoleic methyl (36%) and stearic methyl (16%).
文章引用: 杨成源 , 路卫华 , 吴学华 , 徐增富 , 龙云峰 (2015) 膏桐新品种籽油脂肪酸组成及其炼制生物柴油的潜力。 植物学研究， 4， 16-24. doi: 10.12677/BR.2015.41003
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