论我国民事诉讼中证人出庭作证制度的完善
The Perfection of the System of Witness Appearing in Court to Testify in Civil Procedure in Our Country

作者: 韩亚倩 :华北电力大学,北京;

关键词: 民事诉讼证人出庭作证制度证人作伪证直接言词原则The Civil Procedure Law The System of Witness Appearing in Court to Testify Witness Commits Perjury The Principle of Direct Verbal Trial

摘要:
证人出庭作证制度可以帮助法官高效的查明案件事实,作出裁判,有效解决民事纠纷,在民事诉讼审判中发挥着不可替代的作用。目前,我国这一制度存在一些问题,影响了其重要作用的发挥,主要表现为证人不愿意出庭作证、证人作伪证以及法官不相信出庭证人的证言。证人出庭作证制度有着坚实的理论基础,其不仅是对抗制诉讼模式和直接言词原则的具体体现,更是实现程序公正的内在要求。针对我国存在的这些问题,在深刻理解证人出庭作证制度理论内涵的基础上,完善相关法律规定,建立附条件的证人出庭作证制度、细化对出庭证人的经济补偿规定以及对民事诉讼中证人作伪证的行为进行法律规制,以此来完善我国民事诉讼中的证人出庭作证制度,促进依法治国目标的实现。

Abstract: The system of witness appearing in court to testify plays an irreplaceable role in the civil trial. It can help the judge find out the case facts efficiently, make a judgment, and solve the civil dispute effectively. At present, there are some problems in this system in our country. These problems in-terfere with the exertion of its important roles, mainly for the witness is not willing to testify in court, witness commits perjury and judges don’t believe the witness’s testimony in the court. Wit-ness appearing in court to testify system has a solid theoretical foundation; it is not only the specific reflection of the confrontation system lawsuit mode and the principle of direct verbal trail, but also the inherent requirement of procedural justice. To solve these problems, we should deeply understand the system on the basis of its theoretical connotation, and then perfect the relevant laws, establish the conditional system of witness appearing in court to testify, elaborate the witness economic compensation rules and punish the witness who commits the perjury in the civil procedure. In order to achieve the goal of the rule of law, we have to perfect the system of witness appearing in court to testify in our country.

文章引用: 韩亚倩 (2015) 论我国民事诉讼中证人出庭作证制度的完善。 法学, 3, 15-20. doi: 10.12677/OJLS.2015.31003

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