道德敏感对企业绩效的影响机制探析
A Study of the Influence of Moral Sensitivity on Corporate Performance

作者: 邓丽芳 , 谢凌琳 , 暴占光 , 叶淑云 :北京航空航天大学人文社科学院,北京;

关键词: 道德敏感公司治理企业绩效道德绩效Moral Sensitivity Corporate Governance Corporate Performance Moral Performance

摘要:
本文通过文献与理论分析,探讨了道德敏感对企业绩效的直接与间接影响。以往研究发现,道德敏感会通过公司治理影响企业的财务和管理绩效,对企业的长期绩效起着正向积极的作用。在个体层面,影响道德敏感与企业绩效关系的变量有以伦理为中心的动态能力、道德人格特质、道德直觉等,在团队层面,影响变量有道德氛围,心理距离,团队道德取向等。未来,还需基于心理学道德认知理论进一步深化道德敏感对企业绩效的影响机制的实证研究,并引入道德绩效指标。

Abstract: After reviewing the literature, this article summarizes the direct and indirect effect of moral sen-sitivity on corporate performance, which is of great importance in organization studies. In partic-ular, the exiting literature includes the ethics-focused dynamic capabilities, moral personality and moral intuition’s impact on the relationship between moral sensitivity and corporate performance. At the team level, moral atmosphere, psychological distance and team moral orientation also affect the relationship between moral sensitivity and corporate performance. However, there exist few studies on the relationship between moral sensitivity and corporate performance. More attention should be given to the mechanism of how moral sensitivity affects corporate performance from a moral cognition perspective. Future studies in this direction might be facilitated by introducing the concept of moral performance and using it to evaluate corporate performance.

文章引用: 邓丽芳 , 谢凌琳 , 暴占光 , 叶淑云 (2014) 道德敏感对企业绩效的影响机制探析。 心理学进展, 4, 956-962. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.47123

参考文献

[1] 郑信军, 岑国桢(2008). 大学生倾向性道德敏感的结构研究. 心理科学, 5期, 1026-1030.

[2] Agnew, C. R., Loving, T. J., Le, B., & Goodfriend, W. (2004). Thinking close: Measuring relational closeness as perceived self-other inclusion. In Handbook of Closeness and Intimacy (pp. 103-115). Mahawah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

[3] Arend, R. (2013). Eth-ics-focused dynamic capabilities: A small business perspective. Small Business Economics, 41, 1-24.

[4] Bixter, M. T., & Luhmann, C. C. (2014). Shared losses reduce sensitivity to risk: A laboratory study of moral hazard. Journal of Economic Psychology, 42, 63-73.

[5] Brook, C., & Christy, G. (2013). Doing right in business: Can action learning develop moral sensitivity and promote ethical behavior? Action Learning: Research & Practice, 10, 214-229.

[6] Carpenter, J., & Williams, T. (2010). Moral hazard, peer monitoring, and microcredit: Field experimental evidence from Paraguay. Research Review, 13, 23-25.

[7] Clarkeburn, H. (2002). A test for ethical sensitivity in science. Journal of Moral education, 31, 439-453.

[8] Cropanzano, R., & Mitchell, M. (2005). Social exchange theory: An interdisciplinary review. Journal of Management, 31, 874-900.

[9] Daniels, D., Diddams, M., & Van Duzer, J. (2011). A magnetic pull on the internal compass: The moderating effect of response to culture on the relationship between moral identity and ethical sensitivity. Journal of Religion & Business Ethics, 2, 1-29.

[10] David, T. W., & Lisa, D. O. (2014). Conscience without cognition: The effects of subconscious priming on ethical behavior, Academy of Management Journal, 57, 723-742.

[11] Demb, A., & Neubauer, F. E. (1992). The corporate board: Confronting the paradoxes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

[12] Eskine, K. J., Novreske, A., & Richards, M. (2013). Moral contagion effects in everyday interpersonal encounters. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 947-950.

[13] Fassin, Y. (2005). The reasons behind non-ethical behavior in business and entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Ethics, 60, 265-279.

[14] Fisscher, O., Frenkel, D., Lurie, Y., & Nijhof, A. (2005). Managerial perceptions of marketing performance: Efficiency, adaptability, effectiveness and satisfaction. Journal of Business Ethics, 60, 207-209.

[15] Fuller, T., & Tian, Y. (2006). Social and symbolic capital and responsible entrepreneurship: An empirical investigation of SME narratives. Journal of Business Ethics, 67, 287-304.

[16] Hadjicharalambous, C., & Walsh, L. (2012). Ethnicity/race and gender effects on ethical sensitivity in four sub-cultures. Journal of Legal, Ethical & Regulatory Issues, 15, 119-130.

[17] Kaplan, S., & Gerrick, B. J. (1981). On the quantitative definition of risk. Risk Analysis, 1, 11-27.

[18] Kim, T., & Kim, M. (2013). Leaders’ moral competence and employee outcomes: The effects of psychological empowerment and person-supervisor fit. Journal of Business Ethics, 112, 155-166.

[19] Lovett, B. J., & Jordan, A. H. (2010). Levels of moralisation: A new conception of moral sensitivity. Journal of Moral Education, 39, 175-189.

[20] Lutzen, K., Dahlqvist, V., & Eriksson, S. (2006). Developing the concept of moral sensitivity in health care practice. Nursing Ethics, 13, 187-196.

[21] Maxfield, S. (2007). Reconciling corporate citizenship and competitive strategy: Insights from economic theory. Journal of Business Ethics, 80, 367-237.

[22] McEachern, M. G., & Cheetham, F. (2013). A conception of moral sensitivity and everyday consumption practices: Insights from the moralizing discourses of pet owners. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 37, 337-343.

[23] Montiel-Campos, H., Solé-Parellada, F., Aguilar-Valenzuela, L. A., Berbegal-Mirabent, J., & Duran-Encalada, J. A. (2011). The impact of moral awareness on the entrepreneurial orientation-performance relationship in new technology based firms. Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 6, 93-105.

[24] Mulla, Z., & Krishnan, V. (2014). Karma-yoga: The Indian model of moral development. Journal of Business Ethics, 123, 339-351.

[25] Olson, B. J., Bao, Y., & Parayitam, S. (2007). Strategic decision making within Chinese firms: The effects of cognitive diversity and trust on decision outcomes. Journal of World Business, 42, 35-46.

[26] Orlitzky, M., & Swanson, D. L. (2010). Do executives who prefer exorbitant salaries downplay ethics? Decision Line, 3, 11- 14.

[27] Park, M., Kjervik, D., Crandell, J., & Oermann, M. (2012). The relationship of ethics education to moral sensitivity and moral reasoning skills of nursing students. Nursing Ethics, 19, 568-580.

[28] Reidenbach, R. E., & Robin, D. P. (1990). Toward the development of a multidimensional scales for improving evaluations of business ethics. Journal of Business Ethics, 9, 639-653.

[29] Robertson, C., Blevins, D., & Duffy, T. (2013). A five-year review, update, and assessment of ethics and governance in strategic management journal. Journal of Business Ethics, 117, 85-91.

[30] Schmitt, M., Neumann, R., & Montada, L. (1995). Dispositional sensitivity to befallen injustice. Social Justice Research, 8, 385-407.

[31] Shank, M. J. (2005). The impact of moral reasoning on the performance of salespeople. Ph.D. Thesis, Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University.

[32] Shawver, T., & Sennetti, J. (2009). Measuring ethical sensitivity and evaluation. Journal of Business Ethics, 88, 663-678.

[33] Skitka, L. J., Bauman, C. W., & Sargis, E. G. (2005). Moral conviction: Another contributor to attitude strength or something more? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 895-917.

[34] Thornberg, R., & Jungert, T. (2013). Bystander behavior in bullying situations: Basic moral sensitivity, moral disengagement and defender self-efficacy. Journal of Adolescence, 36, 475-483.

[35] Zhu, S. L., & Xie, K. F. (2010). Research on entrepreneurial team members’ personality traits influence on group risk decision-making. Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on Management Science and Engineering (ICMSE), Melbourne, 24-26 November 2010, 937-942.

分享
Top