变化环境下非一致性水问题研究进展
Advance in Inconsistent Water Problems in Changing Environment

作者: 谢 平 , 李彬彬 :武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室,武汉; 李析男 :贵州省水利水电勘测设计研究院,贵阳; 陈广才 :长江科学院水资源综合利用研究所,武汉;

关键词: 变化环境非一致性水资源洪水干旱Changing Environment Inconsistency Water Resources Flood Drought

摘要:
近年来随着气候变化和剧烈人类活动等变化环境的影响,水文序列形成的物理条件发生了较大的变化,使得水文序列失去了“一致性”,并引发了水资源评价失真、防洪与抗旱决策失误等一系列“非一致性”水问题,严重影响了社会稳定与经济进步。本文将非一致性水问题分为非一致性水资源问题、非一致性洪水问题和非一致性干旱问题,分别从水资源、洪水、干旱三个角度对非一致性水问题进行研究和探讨。在总结国内外研究进展的基础上,指出目前仍需解决的问题及需要开展的研究工作。

Abstract: A series of water problems was caused by the exploitation and utilization of water resources in recent years. The changing environment, the impact of climate change and intensive human activ-ities made the physical conditions for the forming hydrological series have changed a lot and the hydrological series have lost their consistency, thereby leading to the distortion of water resources evaluation and decision-making of flood control and drought judgment error, which seriously affected the social stability and economic progress. In this paper, inconsistent water problems were divided into three categories: inconsistent water resources problem, inconsistent flood problem and inconsistent drought problem, and the inconsistent water problem in changing environment was studied and discussed from the perspective of the water resources, flood and drought. Based on the domestic and abroad research progresses, the unresolved problems and the future research work were put forward.

文章引用: 谢 平 , 李彬彬 , 李析男 , 陈广才 (2014) 变化环境下非一致性水问题研究进展。 水资源研究, 3, 556-563. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2014.36068

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