浅谈分布式井口地热电站在肯尼亚Olkaria地区的应用
A Brief Introduction on Distributed Geothermal Wellhead Power Plants at Olkaria Area in Kenya

作者: 蔡正敏 , 强卫东 , 高冬梅 , 郑 申 , 李 贺 :中国石油集团长城钻探工程有限公司工程服务公司,北京;

关键词: 地热能资源特征分布式电站集中式电站Geothermal Energy Resource Feature Distributed Power Plant Central Power Plant

摘要:
本文分析了肯尼亚的能源结构特点及其可再生能源的开发现状,介绍了Olkaria地区的地热资源特点;对传统的集中式电站和新型分布式井口电站的技术特性进行了对比研究,指出分布式井口地热电站在肯尼亚Olkari地区具有较好的应用前景,为地热电站的建站模式优选提供了科学参考。

Abstract: This paper analyzed the feature of energy structures and current status of renewable energy de-velopment in Kenya. The characteristics of geothermal resource at Olkaria area were elaborated. A comparative study has been conducted on the technical differences between the central power plants and wellhead power plants. It was pointed out that the wellhead geothermal power plants were more suitable for the geothermal energy development at Olkaria in Kenya. This paper pro-vides a scientific reference for the optimum selection of geothermal power production mode.

文章引用: 蔡正敏 , 强卫东 , 高冬梅 , 郑 申 , 李 贺 (2014) 浅谈分布式井口地热电站在肯尼亚Olkaria地区的应用。 可持续能源, 4, 57-62. doi: 10.12677/SE.2014.46009

参考文献

[1] Mohammed, Y.S., Mustafa, M.W. and Bashir, N. (2013) Status of renewable energy consumption and developmental challenges in Sub-Sahara Africa. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 27, 453-463.

[2] Mwangi, S.M. (2013) Application of geochemical methods in geothermal exploration in Kenya. Procedia Earth and Planetary Science, 7, 602-606.

[3] Di Pippo, R. (2012) Geothermal power plant principles, applications, case studies and environmental impact. 3rd Edition, Elsevier.

[4] Geirdal, C.A.C., Gudjonsdottir, M.S. and Jensson, P. (2015) Economic comparison of a well-head geothermal power plant and a traditional one. Geothermics, 53, 1-13.

[5] 西藏地热工程处 (译) (1988) 地热和地热发电技术指南. 水利电力出版社, 北京.

[6] Coskun, C., Oktay, Z. and Dincer, I. (2011) Performance evaluations of a geothermal power plant. Applied Thermal Engineering, 31, 4074-4082.

[7] Yildirim, D. and Ozgener, L. (2012) Thermodynamics and exergoeconomic analysis of geothermal power plants. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 16, 6438-6454.

分享
Top