The Coupling Efficiency Study of Tapered Fiber End Faces
Abstract: The shape of fiber end has a relatively vital effect on related indices of fiber coupling. The higher the fiber transmission system is, the greater the effect of reflected light is on the system. The reflected light can feed back into the laser source, causing instability and noise of system, which leads to unreliable transmission information. Then we put forward the idea that the end face can be made into curved surface by tapering to match with fiber system and be connected with low loss which has extremely low back reflection and gets higher return loss. On the basis of fusion function of fiber fusion splicer, the fixture moves reversely in the melt when it discharges and the fiber obtains radial tension in the molten state that can change the fiber radial size distribution. Then fiber end face can form a curved surface with a certain cone. In this paper we measure return loss and insert loss of fiber end faces respectively corresponding to different discharge time and intensity. In comparison with fiber flat end, we conclude that return loss of tapered fiber can reach 36 dB and to our knowledge, we first time put forward the rule that insert loss changes when the coupling end distance changes.
文章引用: 洪 媛 , 戴丽杏 , 谭启龙 , 范稷骁 , 涂兴华 (2014) 拉锥光纤端面耦合效率的研究。 光电子， 4， 45-57. doi: 10.12677/OE.2014.44007
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