物质成瘾者决策障碍:行为表现、原因探究及其干预
Drug Addicts’ Decision Making Deficits: Behavioral Performance, Underlying Reasons and Interventions

作者: 刘 洋 , 宋洪文 , 寇 娟 , 邹枝玲 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 物质滥用决策障碍原因探究干预方法Drug Addiction Decision Making Deficits Underlying Reasons Intervention Methods

摘要:
物质成瘾在我国已经成为一个严峻的社会问题。在一定程度上成瘾被归结为决策障碍(decision deficits)。具体表现为成瘾者以长期的身体、心理和社会功能损失为代价去寻求即时享乐;不能根据之前决策的结果灵活调整策略等。本文总结了国内外有关成瘾者决策缺陷的研究。主要包括物质成瘾者决策障碍的一般表现,原因探究和相关的干预方法。对于我们深入了解成瘾者决策障碍提供了理论和实践指导。

Abstract: Drug addiction has become an urgent issue in our society. To some extent, the emergency of addic-tion is attributed to an individual’s decision making deficits. Specifically speaking, the drug abusers would prefer to choose the option that brings immediate profit at the expense of long-term lose in terms of physical, psychological and social functions. Besides, they could not learn from their former choice and insisted on the sub-optimal decisions. Through reviewing relative articles, we summa-rized the drug addicts’ decision making performance, the underlying reasons, and then provided some interventions, which could shed light on the research of addiction theoretically and practically.

文章引用: 刘 洋 , 宋洪文 , 寇 娟 , 邹枝玲 (2014) 物质成瘾者决策障碍:行为表现、原因探究及其干预。 心理学进展, 4, 849-856. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.46110

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