词汇语用学的“七属性”和相应的“七原则”
Seven Lexical Attributes and Their Corresponding Governing Principles

作者: 侯国金 :华侨大学外国语学院,泉州;

关键词: 词汇语用学七属性七原则关联语效Lexical Pragmatics Seven Attributes Seven Principles Relevance Effect (iveness)

摘要:
文章的“词汇语用观”论述了词汇的七个根本属性以及约束或操纵它们的“语用原则”:可谓性和可谓原则;可解性和清晰原则;关联性和关联原则;省力性和省力原则;象似性和象似原则;得体性和得体原则;语效性和语效原则。不过,词汇的各个属性和相应的原则不是完全或完美的一一对应。在实际语言分析中完全可以采用一属性对多原则,或一原则对多属性的做法。因此,任何一个词汇属性都可以用不止一个语用原则来解释,反之亦然。

Abstract: The lexical pragmatic view of this thesis formulates the seven lexical attributes and their corres-ponding governing principles: expressibility plus expressibility principle, processibility plus clarity principle, relevance plus relevance principle, effortlessness plus principle of least effort, iconicity plus iconicity principle, felicity plus felicity principle, and effectiveness plus effectiveness principle. It is pointed out, however, that these attributes and their corresponding principles do not really enjoy absolute correspondence elegance, so that in actual linguistic analysis the approach of one attribute plus more than one principle, or one principle plus more than one attribute, is possible and on the other hand, any of the seven attributes can be accounted by more than one principle designated, and vice versa.

文章引用: 侯国金 (2014) 词汇语用学的“七属性”和相应的“七原则”。 现代语言学, 2, 232-243. doi: 10.12677/ML.2014.24028

参考文献

[1] Wilson, D. (2004) Relevance, word meaning and communication: the past, present and future of lexical pragmatics. 现代外语, 1, 1-13.

[2] Unger, C. (2005) Lexical pragmatics and types of linguistic encoding: evidence from pre- and postpositions in Behdini-Kurdish. http://cogprints.org/5465

[3] 曾衍桃 (2005) 词汇语用学概观. 山东外语教学, 4.

[4] 曾衍桃 (2006) 词汇语用学引论. 外语学刊, 5, 59-64.

[5] 李欣 (2005) 词义语用收窄的认知解释. 重庆邮电学院学报(哲社版), 5, 755-758.

[6] 李宗宏 (2006) 词汇语用学与语言歧义性探索. 宁夏大学学报(哲社版), 6, 39-54.

[7] 冉永平 (2005) 词汇语用学及语用充实. 外语教学与研究, 5, 343-350.

[8] 周志远 (2006) 词汇意义研究的新视域: 词汇语用学. 浙江师范大学学报(社会科学版), 6, 101-105.

[9] 陈新仁 (2005) 国外词汇语用学研究述评. 外语研究, 5, 5-9.

[10] 陈新仁 (2007) 词汇阻遏现象的顺应性阐释. 外语学刊, 1, 80-86.

[11] 董成如 (2007) 词汇语用学的认知视角——话语中词义缩小和扩大的图式范畴化阐释. 现代外语, 3, 231-238.

[12] 余姿 (2007) 关联视角下词汇语用收缩与扩充的探索. 浙江师范大学学报(社会科学版), 3, 74-76.

[13] 侯国金 (2006) 象似性原则的准则和象似性的语用性. In:《外国语言文学》编辑部, 编, 语用学研究: 文化、认知与应用, 福建人民出版社, 福州, 244-265.

[14] 侯国金 (2007) 语用象似论. 语言教学与研究, 2, 64-71.

[15] Searle, J. (1979/2001) Expression and meaning: Studies in the theory of speech acts. CUP, Cambridge; 外语教学与研究出版社, 北京.

[16] Searle, J. (1969/2001) Speech acts: An essay in the philosophy of language. CUP, Cambridge; 外语教学与研究出版社 & CUP, 北京.

[17] Leech, G. (1974/1981) Semantics. Penguin, Harmondsworth.

[18] Zhang, H., Yang, Y.M., Gu, J.X. and Ji, F. (2012) ERP correlates of compositionality in Chinese idiom comprehension. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 26, 89-112.

[19] Zhang, H., Jiang, L., Gu, J.X. and Yang, Y.M. (2013) Electrophysiological insights into the processing of figurative two-part allegorical sayings. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 26, 421-439.

[20] 侯国金 (2008) 语用学大是非和语用翻译学之路. 四川大学出版社, 成都.

[21] 侯国金 (2009) 语言学百问和硕博指南. 四川大学出版社, 成都.

[22] Wilson, D. and Sperber, D. (2004) Relevance theory. In: Horn, L. and Ward, G., Eds., The Handbook of Pragmatics, Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden & Oxford, 607-632. http://www.dan.sperber.com/relevance_theory.htm

[23] Zipf, G.K. (1949) Human behavior and the principle of least effort: An introduction to human ecology. Addison-Wes- ley, Cambridge.

[24] Chomsky, N. (1995) The minimalist program. MIT Press, Cambridge.

[25] Sperber, D. and Wilson, D. (1998) The mapping between the mental and the public lexicon. In: Carruthers, P. and Boucher, J., Eds., Language and Thought, CUP, Cambridge, 184-200.

[26] 侯国金 (2013) 词汇语用学的RT情结及其中国研究现状. In: 王扬, 等, 编, 语用学理论与应用研究, 外语教学与研究出版社, 北京, 1-33.

[27] 10笔者的版本(343~360页)是Relevance后面没有Theory这个词的,而有的版本说有。笔者所看到的pdf文件碰巧没有杂志的名称,却标明了起止页码。去信询问了作者,暂无消息。

[28] Wilson, D. (2003) Relevance and lexical pragmatics. Italian Journal of Linguistics/Rivista di Linguistica, 15, 273-291.10

[29] 王强 (2006) 谈石毓智(2005)一文中的问题. 外国语, 4, 39-46.

[30] Taylor, J.R. (1996) Possessives in English—An exploration in cognitive grammar. OUP, Oxford.

[31] Langacker, R.W. (1999) Grammar and conceptualization. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin.

[32] Hymes, D.H. (1971/1979) On communicative competence. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia. (Extracts available in Brumfit, C.J. and Johnson, K., Eds., The Communicative Approach to Language Teaching, OUP, Oxford, 5-26.)

[33] Chomsky, N. (1965) Aspects of the theory of syntax. MIT Press, Cambridge.

[34] Chomsky, N. (1966) Topics in the theory of generative grammar. Mouton, The Hague.

[35] Leech, G. (1983) Principles of pragmatics. Longman, London.

[36] 许渊冲 (2008) 唐诗三百首. 中国对外翻译出版公司, 北京.

[37] 侯国金 (2012) 隐喻集经纬的编织和隐喻的语篇性. 外国语文研究, 2, 1-14.

[38] Blutner, R. (1998) Lexical pragmatics. Journal of Semantics, 15, 1-20.

分享
Top