10~18岁学生信息加工速度发展的实证研究
An Empirical Study on the Development of Information Processing Speed of 10 to 18 Years Old School Students

作者: 王会娜 , 李芳丽 , 赵玉芳 :西南大学心理学部,重庆; 王恩国 :河南大学教科院心理与行为研究所,开封;

关键词: 学生加工速度发展Students Processing Speed Development

摘要:
为研究现阶段中小学生信息加工速度的发展模式,采取整群随机抽样的方法,在河南省选取3所中小学,对共920名10~18岁中小学生进行横向研究。所有学生均完成数字抄写、字母抄写、字母比较、符号比较、圆点位置比较五项加工速度测验。研究结果表明所有加工速度任务之间的相关均显著相关(r = 0.433 - 0.756);随着年龄的增长,中小学生的信息加工速度呈现显著增加趋势,女生在字母比较任务表现显著优于男生,高中理科学生的数字抄写速度显著快于高中文科学生;在描述中小学生信息加工速度发展时,不同的加工任务所用函数不同,线性函数效果最好。结论:中小学生信息加工速度随年龄变化呈现上升趋势,是年龄的函数。

Abstract: To explore the development function of information processing speed in primary and middle school students, a cross-sectional study of 920 students of 10 to 18 years old was made by using a stratified cluster random sampling method selecting 3 primary and middle schools in Henan province. All subjects completed five processing speed tasks including digital coping, letter coping, letter comparison, symbol comparison and dot location comparison. Results showed that the pro- cessing speed of all tasks was correlated significantly (r = 0.433 - 0.756); the information processing speed of the primary and middle school students showed a trend of increase with age. Girls performed better than boys in letter comparison task; the copying speed of high school science students was significantly higher than students of liberal arts. To describe the development of the information processing speed in primary and middle school students, different tasks used different functions, of which linear function was the best. It can be concluded that the information processing speed of the primary and middle school students increases with age, and it is a function of age.

文章引用: 王会娜 , 李芳丽 , 王恩国 , 赵玉芳 (2014) 10~18岁学生信息加工速度发展的实证研究。 心理学进展, 4, 799-806. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.46104

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