The Structure and Measurement of the Moral Elevation
Abstract: The present study aims to explore the psychological structure of moral elevation in Chinese back-ground. Based on analysis of the related theories and the previous researches on moral elevation, we constructed a theoretical model of moral elevation structure, and then compiled moral elevation items based on open interviews and experts’ revise. The sample 1 (283 college students) and the sample 2 (220 college students) were surveyed to examine the validity and reliability of the scale, by the exploratory and confirmatory analysis. The findings showed that: 1) the psychological structure of moral elevation includes four factors: emotion and outpouring, cognition for own, cognition for others, behavior intention; 2) the self-made Chinese version of moral elevation scale for university students has good reliability, validity and applicability.
文章引用: 丁 菀 , 王晓真 , 孙炳海 , 李伟健 (2014) 道德提升感的结构与测量。 心理学进展， 4， 777-787. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.46102
 聂衍刚, 林崇德, 郑雪, 丁莉, 彭以松(2008). 青少年社会适应行为与大五人格的关系. 心理科学, 4期, 774-779.
 孙春晖, 郑日昌(2001). 《学习适应量表》的验证性因素分析. 心理学探新, 2期, 59-64.
 温忠麟, 侯杰泰, 马什赫伯特(2004). 结构方程模型检验: 拟合指数与卡方准则. 心理学报, 2期, 186-194.
 张兴贵, 郑雪(2005). 青少年学生大五人格与主观幸福感的关系研究. 心理发展与教育, 2期, 98-103.
 Algoe, S. B., & Haidt, J. (2009). Witnessing excellence in action: The “other-praising” emotions of elevation, gratitude, and admiration. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 105-127.
 Aquino, K., Freeman, D., Reed II, A., Lim, V. K., & Felps, W. (2009). Testing a social-cognitive model of moral behavior: The interactive influence of situations and moral identity centrality. Journal of personality and social psychology, 97, 123.
 Aquino, K., McFerran, B., & Laven, M. (2011). Moral identity and the experience of moral elevation in response to acts of uncommon goodness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 703.
 Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1980). Influence of extraversion and neuroticism on subjective well-being: Happy and unhappy people. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 38, 668-678.
 Cox, K. S. (2010). Elevation predicts domain-specific volunteerism 3 months later. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 333-341.
 Englander, Z. A., Haidt, J., & Morris, J. P. (2012). Neural basis of moral elevation demonstrated through inter-subject synchronization of cortical activity during free-viewing. PLoS ONE, 7, e39384.
 Erickson, T. M., & Abelson, J. L. (2012). Even the downhearted may be uplifted: Moral elevation in the daily life of clinically depressed and anxious adults. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 31, 707-728.
 Freeman, D., Aquino, K., & McFerran, B. (2009). Overcoming beneficiary race as an impediment to charitable donations: Social dominance orientation, the experience of moral elevation, and donation behavior. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 35, 72-84.
 Haidt, J. (2000). The positive emotion of elevation. Prevention & Treatment, 3, Article 3.
 Haidt, J. (2003a). The moral emotions. In: Handbook of affective sciences. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 852-870.
 Haidt, J. (2003b). Elevation and the positive psychology of morality. In: C. L. M. Keyes, & J. Haidt (Eds.), Flourishing: Positive psychology and the life well-lived (pp. 275-289). Washington DC: American Psychological Association.
 Lai, C. K., Haidt, J., & Nosek, B. A. (2014). Moral elevation reduces prejudice against gay men. Cognition and Emotion, 28, 781-794.
 Landis, S. K., Sherman, M. F., Piedmont, R. L., Kirkhart, M. W., Rapp, E. M., & Bike, D. H. (2009). The relation between elevation and self-reported prosocial behavior: Incremental validity over the five-factor model of personality. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 71-84.
 Schnall, S., Roper, J., & Fessler, D. M. (2010). Elevation leads to altruistic behavior. Psychological Science, 21, 315-320.
 Schnall, S., & Roper, J. (2012). Elevation puts moral values into action. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 373-378.
 Silvers, J. A., & Haidt, J. (2008). Moral elevation can induce nursing. Emotion, 8, 291-295.