音乐情绪及其神经基础
Musical Emotion and Its Neural Basis

作者: 王 璐 , 陈 旭 , 马建苓 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 音乐情绪伏隔核杏仁核眶额叶多巴胺Musical emotions Accumbens Nucleus Amygdala Orbitofrontal Cortex Dopamine

摘要:
音乐情绪是指音乐诱发的情绪,是音乐价值的集中体现。与日常情绪刺激不同,音乐往往诱发了个体的快乐体验。脑成像的研究表明音乐情绪调节了几乎所有的大脑边缘及旁边缘结构的活动,负责自主神经系统唤醒的下丘脑、脑岛和前扣带回皮层、形成记忆的海马区以及涉及复杂认知活动的前额叶皮层,尤其是眶额叶皮层、伏隔核和杏仁核。此外,包括多巴胺在内的多种神经递质也参与了音乐情绪的加工。这些脑区和神经化学物质与奖赏系统高度重合,为音乐诱发快乐体验提供了神经基础。未来的研究可在实验材料的标准化,影响因素如人格、文化的控制和神经网络交互作用等方面进一步探索。

Abstract: Musical emotion, refers to music-evoked emotion, and reflects the value of music. Different from daily emotional stimuli, music often induces individual experience of happiness. Functional neuroimaging studies show that musical emotion can modulate activity in virtually all limbic and paralimbic brain structures, hypothalamus, insula, anterior cingulate cortex, hippocampus and prefrontal cortex, especially orbitofrontal cortex, nucleus accumbens and amygdale. Moreover, varieties of neurotransmitters, including dopamine, are involved in the processing of musical emotion. Those regions and neurochemicals are highly overlapped with reward system, which may explain why music induces pleasure. Researches in future can focus on standardization of music materials, and effect factors such as personality, control of culture, and neural interactions between subcortical and cortical regions.

文章引用: 王 璐 , 陈 旭 , 马建苓 (2014) 音乐情绪及其神经基础。 心理学进展, 4, 738-747. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.46098

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