The Relationship of Self-Esteem and Life Change Events of Adolescents in Private Schools for Ecdemic Peasants’ Offspring in Beijing City
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the status and association of self-esteem and life change events, as well as the gender differences of self-esteem influenced by life change events. Method: The adolescents, aged from 13 to 18 years old, were sampled by simple random and paired with gender, age and family income. Both boys and girls were 210 of each group, totally 420, who were educated in private schools for ecdemic peasants’ offspring in Beijing city. Participants completed Self-Esteem Scale (SES) and Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC). Results: The scores of SES were 27.2 ± 2.3 for boys and 27.2 ± 2.5 for girls without difference (F = 0.008, P = 0.929) between the two groups. The boys scored significantly higher on the following ASLEC factors and total ASLEC than girls: punishments with 11.4 ± 5.5 for boys and 8.0 ± 4.7 for girls (F = 39.621, P = 0.000), health adaptation with 3.8 ± 2.6 for boys and 3.2 ± 2.3 for girls (F = 5.566, P = 0.019), and others with 6.1 ± 3.5 for boys and 3.9 ± 2.9 for girls (F = 40.650, P = 0.000), total ASLEC with 41.4 ± 16.6 for boys and 35.8 ± 15.4 for girls (F = 10.955, P = 0.000). The decreasing self-esteem was related to increasing life change events with partial regression coefficient ranged from −0.141 to −0.309 for boys and −0.158 to −0.361 for girls. The percentage of self-esteem change attributed to life change events varied from 2.9% to 12.0% for boys and 1.9% to 22.1% for girls. The maltreatment from parents and fail to expectant appraisal and election most commonly happened on the adolescent participants. Conclusion: Adolescent self-esteem was at low levels of normal range without difference between boys and girls; boys suffered more life change events than girls. Adolescent decreasing self-esteem was related to increasing life change events; maltreatment from parents and fail to expectant appraisal and election were most commonly seen on the adolescent participants. So adolescent self-esteem should be improved and they should learn how to deal with life change events efficiently; the knowledge and skills of educating should be transmitted and taught to the peasant parents with children, and the options of school reward and punishment should be matched with the adolescents’ psychological level and needs.
文章引用: 黄雪竹 , 徐 波 , 任冬梅 , 冯 坤 , 杨 勤 , 孙高翔 , 李光明 , 隋嫚秋 , 刘破资 (2014) 北京市民办农民工子女学校青少年自尊与生活事件的关系。 心理学进展， 4， 729-737. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.46097
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