呼吸内科老年患者的安全护理现状分析
Analysis of the Security Nursing Status of Elderly Patients in the Department of Respiratory Medicine

作者: 严 馨 , 杜 娟 , 邱 利 :西安交通大学医学院第一附属医院呼吸与危重症医学科,西安;

关键词: 老年患者护理安全Elderly Patients Nursing Safety

摘要:
本文探讨了呼吸内科老年住院患者常见的护理安全问题和相应对策,总结目前老年患者住院过程中常见的护理安全问题,并提出相应对策。现状:对老年患者进行护理过程中存在的安全问题涉及多方面,主要有患者因素(高龄、合并症、心理、药物、治疗、院内交叉感染、烫伤、压疮、误吸等)、环境因素、陪护方面的因素以及护理方面因素等。对策:针对上述安全隐患,采取相应的积极措施预防发生不良后果。措施包括:对患者及陪护人员进行安全教育;为患者营造良好的住院环境;通过与患者家属沟通疏导患者不良情绪并制定相应的护理计划;提高护理人员专业知识和技术水平,提高护理人员安全护理意识;建立健全安全护理管理办法并认真实施。

Abstract: The paper investigates the common security issues of nursing among elderly hospitalized patients in the Department of Respiratory Medicine, aiming to put forward appropriate countermeasures. Current situation: there are many security issues in elderly hospitalized patients during nursing, including patients factors (venerable age, complications, psychology, drug, treatment, cross infection, scald, pressure sores, aspiration, etc.), environmental factors, chaperone factors and nursing factors. In response to the above security risks, active measures for preventing the occurrence of adverse consequences should be taken. The common countermeasures include the safety education for patients and chaperone; creating a good environment for hospitalized patients; easing the bad feelings of patients; improving the professional knowledge, skills and awareness of safety care of nurses; establishing and implementing safety nursing management approaches.

文章引用: 严 馨 , 杜 娟 , 邱 利 (2014) 呼吸内科老年患者的安全护理现状分析。 护理学, 3, 92-96. doi: 10.12677/NS.2014.34020

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