空间物体光照特性分析与应用
Analysis and Applications on Sunlighting Characteristics of Space Objects

作者: 李怡勇 , 李 智 , 陈 勇 :装备学院,北京,中国; 孙鹏云 :63601部队,太原,中国;

关键词: 空间物体光照特性受晒因子空间应用Space Objects Sunlighting Characteristics Sunshine Factor Space Applications

摘要:
本文分析太阳、地球和空间物体轨道运动的基本耦合关系,构建空间物体光照问题的一般数学模型;对空间物体光照的影响参数进行分析,探讨不同参数的变化范围、周期及对目标光照的影响程度,针对常见的圆轨道讨论长半轴对受晒因子的影响,建立圆轨道的全轨道受晒方程;进一步探讨空间物体光照特性在空间目标光学探测与跟踪、太阳敏感器、太阳光压作用、空间太阳能发电等空间活动中的应用,分析给出主要应用的发展方向、关键技术或技术性能,为相关研究提供理论参考。

Abstract: Based on the primary orbital relation among sun, earth and space object, the mathematic model of space object sunlighting problem is made. Effects of various parameters and their change field, period, etc. for space target sunlighting are analyzed. As the most familiar satellite orbit, the rela-tion between the sunshine factor of the circle orbit and its semi-major axis is discussed, and whole orbital sunshine equation of circle orbit is made. Furthermore, many applications of sunlighting characteristics of space objects in space activities are studied, such as the optical detecting and the tracking of space targets, the sun sensor, the radiation pressure effect and the space solar power system. And developing aspects, key techniques or technical characteristics of these applications are analyzed. These results will help to study practical problems further.

文章引用: 李怡勇 , 李 智 , 陈 勇 , 孙鹏云 (2014) 空间物体光照特性分析与应用。 国际航空航天科学, 2, 43-51. doi: 10.12677/JAST.2014.23006

参考文献

[1] 杨长才, 田金文, 叶瑾等 (2012) 天基光学成像系统空间目标成像模拟技术. 红外与激光工程, 9, 2410-2414.

[2] 唐轶峻, 姜晓军, 卢晓猛 (2010) 利用光照反射模型分析中高轨人造卫星测光特性. 光学学报, 3, 763-767.

[3] 郄晓宁, 王威, 高玉东 (2003) 近地航天器轨道基础. 国防科技大学出版社, 北京.

[4] 陈磊, 韩蕾, 白显宗等 (2010) 空间目标轨道力学与误差分析. 国防科技大学出版社, 北京.

[5] 王建立, 陈涛 (2008) 空间目标监视用地基高分辨率光电成像望远镜总体需求及关键技术分析. 中国光学与应用光学, 1, 36-48.

[6] (2009) Orbital de-bris optical measurements. http://orbitaldebris.jsc.nasa.gov/measure/optical.html

[7] Ackemann, M.R and McGraw, J.T. (2007) Blind Search for Micro Satellites in LEO: Optical Signatures and Search Strategies. AMOS 2003 Technical Conference Proceedings (Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference), Maui, 9-12 Sep-tember 2003, 40-43.

[8] Roger, J.H. (2000) Wide field of view satellite tracking. Ph.D. Thesis, Ottowa Royal Military College of Canada, Ottowa.

[9] 万玉柱, 宋晖, 康志宇等 (2009) 基于空间光学探测的空间目标星等特性分析研究. 宇航学报, 6, 2292-2296.

[10] 康文运, 宋小全 (2011) 白天激光照明探测跟踪空间目标可行性分析. 激光与红外, 12, 1302-1305.

[11] 华冰, 郁丰 (2011) 基于光照区太阳敏感器和陀螺辅助修正的微小卫星磁测技术. 中国惯性技术学报, 6, 730- 738.

[12] 崔文, 王家松, 宝音贺西 (2012) 光压摄动对卫星姿态轨道耦合的影响分析. 空间科学学报, 3, 424-429.

[13] 张敏贵, 陈祖奎, 靳爱国 (2005) 太阳帆推进. 火箭推进, 3, 35-38.

[14] 龚胜平, 李俊峰, 宝音贺西 (2009) 利用太阳光压进行Halo轨道编队控制. 应用数学和力学, 8, 945-952.

[15] 侯英 (2010) 英国研究利用太阳帆处理太空轨道碎片. 国防科技情报, 9, 15.

[16] 侯欣宾, 王立, 朱耀平, 董娜 (2009) 国际空间太阳能电站发展现状. 太阳能学报, 10, 1443-1448.

[17] Mankins, J.C. and Howell, J. (2000) Overview of the Space Solar Power (SSP) Exploratory Research and Technology (SERT) program. AIAA 2000-3060.

[18] National Security Space Office (2007) Space based solar power as an opportunity for strategic security. http://www.nss.org/settlement/ssp/library/nsso.htm

[19] URSI Inter-commission Working Group on SPS. (2005) URSI white paper on a Solar Power Satelite (SPS). http://ursi.ca/sps-2006 sept.pdf

分享
Top