Landscape Change of Karst Mountainous Region in North China—A Case of Jinan
Abstract: Rapid economic development has induced urbanization in China, especially in most of China’s karst geological mountain regions. Jinan City, belonging to the karst geological mountain region of north China and well known for its fractured karst springs, was investigated to assess land use change dynamics by the combined use of satellite remote sensing and geographical information systems (GIS), and to explore the interaction between these changes and the environment. Images were classified into six land-use types: cropland, forestland, grassland, water, urban or built-up land, and barren land. These results show that significant changes in land use occur within the whole karst mountainous region over the study period and cause severe environmental degradation, such as destruction of mountain body, soil and water loss, soil erosion, and degeneration of vegetation. These have resulted in the serious natural hazards in the karst mountainous region of Jinan City, i.e. mining landslide, debris flow, and mountain collapse.
文章引用: 齐善忠 , 王艳梅 , 曹少娇 (2014) 北方岩溶区景观变化—以济南为例。 世界生态学， 3， 37-42. doi: 10.12677/IJE.2014.33006
 Jiang, Y. and Yan, J. (2010) Effects of land use on hydrochemistry and contamination of karst groundwater from Nan-dong Underground River system, China. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 210, 123-141.
 Sarmiento, F. (2000) Breaking mountain paradigms: ecological effects on human impacts in man-aged Tropandean landscapes. Ambio, 29, 423-431.
 Williams, P. (1993) Environmental change and human impact on karst terrains: An introduction. Catena (Supplement), 25, 1-19.
 Burri, E., Castiglioni, B. and Sauro, U. (1999) Agriculture, landscape and human impact in some karst areas of Italy. International Journal of Speleology, 26, 33-54.
 Urich, P.B. (2002) Land use in karst terrain: Review of impacts of primary activities on temperate karst ecosystems. Sciences of Conservation, 198, 1-60.
 Parise, M. and Pascali, V. (2003) Surface and subsurface environmental degradation in the karst of Apulia (southern Italy). Environmental Geology, 44, 247-256.
 Parise, M. and Gunn, J. (2007) Natural and antropogenic hazards in karst areas. Geological Society Special Publication, Geological Society of London, London, 279.
 Andriani, G.F. and Walsh, N. (2009) An example of the effects of anthropogenic changes on natural envi-ronment in the Apulian karst (southern Italy). Environmental Geology, 58, 313-325.
 Sauro, U. (2006) Changes in the use of natural resources and human impact in the karst environment of the Venetian Prealps (Italy). Acta Carsologica, 35, 57-63.
 王琳, 张祖陆 (2003) 济南市南部山区生态恢复与重建途径探讨. 地理与地理信息科学, 19, 71-75.
 Huang, Q., Cai, Y. and Xing, X. (2008) Rocky desertification, anti-desertification, and sustainable devel-opment in the karst mountain region of Southwest China. Ambio, 37, 390-392.
 陈瑞琴, 孙希华 (2004) 区域土地利用及土地覆盖的空间格局研究. 山东师范大学学报(自然科学版), 19, 63-67.
 徐秋晓, 于明洋 (2004) 济南市南部地区城市扩展浅析及建议. 小城镇建设, 1, 78-79.