创业倾向的胜任力影响机制研究
The Impact of Entrepreneurial Competencies on Entrepreneurial Intention

作者: 王 辉 * , 徐 波 :上海对外经贸大学工商管理学院,上海;

关键词: 创业胜任力创业倾向作用机制Entrepreneurial Competency Entrepreneurial Intention Mechanism

摘要:

基于创业胜任力理论视角,提出了创业倾向的胜任力作用模型及其理论假设;然后通过上海松江大学城问卷调查的大样本数据进行实证分析。分析结果显示,创业原动力、机会把握力、创新创造力和关系胜任力四个胜任力对创业倾向具有显著影响,且具有非常强的总体方差解释力(62%)。模型还显示,创业原动力和机会把握力对创业倾向具有直接的影响作用;创新创造力和关系胜任力的影响作用是间接的,主要通过创业原动力和机会把握力的中介作用对创业倾向产生影响。

Based on the theory of the entrepreneurial competency and the entrepreneurial intention, we deduced the hypotheses on how entrepreneurial competencies affect the entrepreneurial intention. These hypotheses were tested with 362 samples data through SEM analysis. The analysis result shows that entrepreneurial competencies have a significant impact on the entrepreneurial intention, which explains 62 percent of variance of intention. The model shows that the entrepreneurial intention is significantly affected by four dimensions of the entrepreneurial competency which are separately called the entrepreneurial motivation, the opportunity competency, the innovation competency and the relationship competency. The entrepreneurial motivation and the opportunity competency have a direct effect on the entrepreneurial intention while the innovation competency and the relationship competency indirectly affect it. Actually, the former two competencies are mediators for the latter two. Furthermore, the relationship competency has a significant impact on the innovation competency. 



Abstract:

文章引用: 王 辉 , 徐 波 (2014) 创业倾向的胜任力影响机制研究。 服务科学和管理, 3, 51-58. doi: 10.12677/SSEM.2014.34B008

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