A Coupled Model Simulation and Application of Swat-Modflow Based on the Technology of GPR
Abstract: In recent years, water resources are increasingly affecting the global environment and economy. Conversion process and its coupling simulation of surface water and groundwater are the founda-tion of water resources development and utilization, and scientific evaluation. In order to simulate change in regional groundwater, the quasi-distributed watershed model, SWAT was coupled with the fully-distributed groundwater model MODFLOW in simulation. The hydrologic response units (HRU) in the SWAT model were exchanged with cells in the MODFLOW model. By using the HRU- CELL conversion interface, the distributed groundwater recharge rate and the groundwater eva-potranspiration calculated by SWAT were introduced into the RCH and EVT modules of MODFLOW. The application of groundwater simulation in the Xi’an Heihe River basin of Shaanxi Province demonstrated that the coupled SWAT-MODFLOW was capable of predicting the groundwater situ-ation, and of being used for investigating the interaction between surface water and groundwater.
文章引用: 席 丹 , 张世艳 , 何庆龙 , 陈 露 , 张 佳 , 霍艾迪 (2014) 基于GPR技术的地表水地下水的耦合计算及应用。 水资源研究， 3， 298-306. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2014.34037
 余美, 芮孝芳. 防治土壤盐碱化地表水地下水联合管理模型[J]. 水资源保护, 2007, 23(4): 6-9. YU Mei, RUI Xiaofang. Study on integrated management model of groundwater and surface water for prevention of soil salinization. Water Resources Protection, 2007, 23(4): 6-9. (in Chinese)
 FREEZE, R. A., HARLAN, R. Blueprint for a physically-based, digitally-simulated hydrologic response model. Journal of Hydrology, 1969, 9(3): 237-258.
 PIKUL, M. F., STREET, R. L. and REMSON, I. A numerical model based on coupled one-dimensional Richards and Boussinesq equations. Water Resources Research, 1974, 10(2): 295-302.
 LI, Q., UNGER, A., SUDICKY, E., KASSENAAR, D., WEXLER, E. and SHIKAZE, S. Simulating the multi-seasonal response of a large-scale watershed with a 3D physically-based hydrologic model. Journal of Hydrology, 2008, 357(3): 317-336.
 熊立华, 郭生练, 田向荣. 基于 DEM 的分布式流域水文模型及应用[J]. 水科学进展, 2004, 15(004): 517-520. XIONG Lihua, GUO Shenglian and TIAN Xiangrong. DEM-based distributed hydrological model and its application. Advances in Water Science, 2004, 15(004): 517-520. (in Chinese)
 贾仰文, 王浩, 王建华, 罗翔宇, 周祖昊, 严登华, 秦大庸. 黄河流域分布式水文模型开发和验证[J]. 自然资源学报, 2005, 20(2): 300-308. JIA Yangwen, WANG Hao, WANG Jianhua, LUO Xiangyu, ZHOU Zuhao, YAN Denghua and QIN Dayong. Devel-opment and verification of a distributed hydrologic model for the Yellow River basin. Journal of Natural Resources, 2005, 20(2): 300-308. (in Chinese)
 胡立堂, 王忠静, 赵建世, 马义华. 地表水和地下水相互作用及集成模型研究[J]. 水利学报, 2007, 38(1): 54-59. HU Litang, WANG Zhongjing, ZHAO Jianshi and MA Yihua. Advances in the interactions and integrated model be-tween surface water and groundwater. Shuili Xuebao, 2007, 38(1): 54-59. (in Chinese)
 王蕊, 王中根, 夏军. 地表水和地下水耦合模型研究进展[J]. 地理科学进展, 2008, 27(4): 37-41. WANG Rui, WANG Zhonggen and XIE Jun. Advances in the integrated surface water and groundwater model. Progress in geography, 2008, 27(4): 37-41. (in Chinese)
 王邦贤, 吕志涛. 利用地下水库联合调蓄水资源方案探讨[J]. 水资源研究, 2012, 32(4): 7-9. WANG Bangxian, LV Zhitao. Investigate about water diversion and storage in a joint program with the help of under-ground reservoir. Journal of Water Resources Research, 2012, 32(4): 7-9. (in Chinese)
 若孜汗, 塔依尔, 骆光晓. 气候变暖对哈密地区河川径流的影响分析[J]. 水资源研究, 2013, (1): 25-29. RUO Zihan, TA Yier and LUO Guangxiao, The impact of climate warming on river runoff analysis in Hami region. Journal of Water Resources Research, 2013, (1): 25-29. (in Chinese)
 NASH, J., SUTCLIFFE, J. River flow fore-casting through conceptual models part I—A discussion of principles. Journal of Hydrology, 1970, 10(3): 282-290.
 李彦漫, 霍艾迪, 刘睿翀, 陈莎莎, 王晓峰, 李继东. 基于SWAT模型的城市水源地对未来气候变化的水文响应[J]. 水资源研究, 2013, 2: 301. LI Yanman, HUO Aidi, LIU Ruicong, CHEN Sasa, WANG Xiaofeng and LI Jidong. Water resources responses to climate changes in Xi’an Heihe River Basin based on SWAT model. Journal of Water Resources Research, 2013, 2: 301. (in Chinese)