中国特色叶轮型心脏泵的基础技术问题
Basic Technical Problems of Chinese Rotary Heart Pumps in Engineering Aspect

作者: 钱坤喜 :江苏大学生物医学工程研究所,镇江;

关键词: 旋转型心脏泵基本技术问题作者的贡献中国心脏泵的创新未解决的问题Rotary Heart Pumps Basic Technical Problems The Author’s Contributions Novelties of Chinese Rotary Heart Pumps Unsolved Problems

摘要:
人工心脏的研究和发展已经持续了50多年,在解决了很多技术性问题后,无论旋转泵还是隔膜泵均可以辅助病人的血液循环达数年之久。在旋转式心脏泵中,基本技术问题一直是可植入性,生物相容性,搏动性,耐用性,双心室辅助,自动检测,仿生控制和血栓的形成。本文总结了作者对解决这些问题的贡献,并与读者分享了一些中国旋转型心脏泵的创新之处。能量供应是旋转型心脏泵未解决的重要的问题之一,目前的方法无论是利用穿过皮肤的导线还是使用经皮感应系统都存在一定问题,因为他们既不方便也不可靠。

Abstract: R&D of artificial heart has lasted over 50 years, now both rotary and diaphragm pumps can assist the circulation of the patients several years, after solving many technical problems. In rotary heart pumps, the basic technical problems have been the implantability, the compatibility, the pulsatility, the durability, the biventricular assist, the automatic measurement, the bionic control and the thrombus formation. This paper summarizes the author’s contributions in solving these problems and shares the novelties of some Chinese rotary heart pumps with the readers. The energy supply is one of the most important unsolved problems in rotary heart pumps; the present methods either by use of electric wire cross the skin or using transcutaneous inductive system are problematic because they are neither convenient nor reliable.

文章引用: 钱坤喜 (2014) 中国特色叶轮型心脏泵的基础技术问题。 外科, 3, 34-47. doi: 10.12677/HJS.2014.33008

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