不同理化因子对枇杷(Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) L.)花粉体外萌发和花粉管生长的影响
Effects of the Different Factors on Pollen Germination and Pollen Tube Growth in Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) L.

作者: 周 娇 , 葛凌明 , 胡 欣 , 汤行春 :湖北大学生命科学学院,武汉;

关键词: 枇杷花粉萌发花粉管生长GABA

摘要:
本实验以枇杷花粉为材料,采用花粉离体培养法研究了蔗糖浓度、pH值以及γ-氨基丁酸(GABA)对枇杷花粉萌发和花粉管生长的影响。试验以31 mg/L H3BO3、196.8 mg/L MgSO4•7H2O、7.45 mg/L KCl + 56 mg/L CaCl2为基本培养基组分,在25℃暗条件下培养5 h后统计枇杷花粉萌发率及花粉管的生长速率。结果表明,蔗糖浓度为10%时,花粉萌发率达到最高值60%,同时花粉管生长速率达到最大值70.4 µm/h;pH 8.0时花粉萌发率最高,达63%;此外,添加不同浓度的GABA对花粉萌发的影响不显著,但对花粉管生长的影响有显著作用。

Abstract:
In this study, loquat fresh pollens were used as materials to explore the effect of sucrose concen-tration, pH and gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) on pollen germination and pollen tube growth in vitro. The basic culture medium consists with 31 mg/L boric acid + 196.8 mg/L MgSOIn this study, loquat fresh pollens were used as materials to explore the effect of sucrose concen-tration, pH and gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) on pollen germination and pollen tube growth in vitro. The basic culture medium consists of 31 mg/L boric acid + 196.8 mg/L MgSO4•7H2O + 7.45 mg/L KCl + 56 mg/L CaCl2. Pollens were cultured in dark at 25°C for 5 h. The results showed that pollen germination rate reached to 60% and pollen tube growth rate was 70.4 µm/h. Given 10% sucrose and pH value 8.0, pollen germination reached the highest ratio of 63%. Moreover, the ad-dition of GABA to the medium can effectively promote the growth rate of pollen tubes.for 5 h. The results showed that pollen germination rate reached to 60% and pollen tube growth rate was 70.4 µm/h. Given 10% sucrose and pH value 8.0, pollen germination reached the highest ratio of 63%. Moreover, the addition of GABA to the medium can effectively promote the growth rate of pollen tubes.

文章引用: 周 娇 , 葛凌明 , 胡 欣 , 汤行春 (2014) 不同理化因子对枇杷(Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) L.)花粉体外萌发和花粉管生长的影响。 植物学研究, 3, 164-171. doi: 10.12677/BR.2014.34021

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