国外自杀遗书研究现状述评
Latest Introduction of Suicide Notes Research in the West

作者: 梁书玉 , 王卫红 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 自杀自杀遗书内容分析Suicide Suicide Notes Content Analysis

摘要:
自杀是一个全世界普遍关注的问题,而自杀遗书是行为者结束自己生命意愿和想法的一种表达方式,心理学家进行自杀遗书研究对于了解自杀现象、探究自杀行为背后的原因非常必要。文章对国外近几十年来有关自杀遗书的心理学研究进行了述评,主要内容包括自杀遗书研究的发展状况、研究方法以及自杀遗书研究的临床应用,其中重点介绍了内容分析的研究状况和相应的研究方法。目前国内自杀遗书研究领域几乎是一片空白,因此,在中国文化背景下开展自杀遗书的研究对人们预测自杀者的动机、减少自杀行为至关重要。

Abstract: Suicide is of catholic concern all over the world, and the suicide note is one way in which the suicide people express their willing and thought of killing themselves. It is necessary to study suicide notes in Psychology which can understand the suicide and explore its reasons. This article presented a concise summary of recent psychological studies on suicide notes which include the study’s focal points of suicide notes, research method and the clinical application within these aspects respectively in detail: research situation of content analysis and the corresponding research method. There has been almost a blank on the study of suicide notes in China at the present time; thereby the research on suicide notes in Chinese culture context is the trend of research in this field.

文章引用: 梁书玉 , 王卫红 (2014) 国外自杀遗书研究现状述评。 心理学进展, 4, 602-608. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.44081

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