导致骨质疏松症的危险因素的分析研究
Analysis of Risk Factors Leading to Osteoporosis Research

作者: 朱红军 , 路瀛 , 林敏 , 陈奕佳 :苏州市姑苏区双塔街道社区卫生服务中心,苏州; 袁晨曦 , 邹俊 :苏州大学附属第一医院,苏州;

关键词: 骨质疏松症危险因素Osteoporosis Risk Factors

摘要:

背景:老年人随年龄增长,骨量一般会逐渐减低,骨质疏松症是一种与增龄相关的疾病,同时也是一种与遗传和环境因素密切相关的疾病。目的:综述骨质疏松的相关危险因素。方法:计算机检索PubMed数据库(1984年1月至2014年3月)、万方数据(2002年1月至2014年3月)、CNKI 期刊全文数据库(2002年1月至2014年3月)中有关骨质疏松的数据。结果与结论:骨质疏松的危险因素主要有性别、年龄、种族、家族史、激素水平等不可控制的因素和饮食、疾病、用药和生活方式等可以控制的因素,积极控制以上危险因素,对于预防骨质疏松的异常具有重要意义。

Abstract: Background: The elderly increases with age, bone mass will generally reduce, osteoporosis is a disease associated with aging, but it is also a disease closely related to genetic and environmental factors. Objective: To review risk factors for osteoporosis. Method: Computer searches the osteoporosis-related data in PubMed database (January 1984 to March 2014), Wanfang data (from January 2002 to March 2014) and CNKI journal full-text database (from January 2002 to March 2014). Results and Conclusion: Major risk factors for osteoporosis include the uncontrollable factors such as gender, age, race, family history, hormone levels and controlled factors such as diseases, medications and diet and lifestyle; positive control over risk factors are important for exceptions to prevent osteoporosis.

文章引用: 朱红军 , 路瀛 , 林敏 , 陈奕佳 , 袁晨曦 , 邹俊 (2014) 导致骨质疏松症的危险因素的分析研究。 医学诊断, 4, 15-20. doi: 10.12677/MD.2014.42003

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