3MRA模型在环境风险评价中的应用发展及前景分析
Application and Development of 3MRA Model and Its Application Prospect Analysis in Environmental Risk Assessment

作者: 吴晓霞 , 李路远 :华北电力大学,保定;中国科学院高能物理研究所,北京; 陈扬 , 刘俐媛 , 张智勇 :中国科学院高能物理研究所,北京; 尹连庆 :华北电力大学,保定;

关键词: 3MRA环境风险数学模型环境决策3MRA Environmental Risk Mathematic Model Environmental Decision-Making

摘要:

3MRA(the Multimedia, Multi–pathway, Multi-receptor Exposure and Risk Assessment)是第一代模型,是一种在不确定条件下,针对全国性多介质、多途径和多受体进行风险评估的体系,用于评估废物处置区域内对生态、人类构成风险的污染物的浓度阈值。本文中,通过对3MRA模型及其在国内外发展应用现状的综述,认为模型具有良好的应用发展前景,并从4个方面提出借鉴使用模型的建议方法,为我国废物管理提供决策依据。

Abstract: A first-generation model—the Multimedia, Multi-pathway, Multi-receptor Exposure and Risk Assessment (3MRA) is a flexible framework for conducting nationwide multimedia, multi-pathway and multi-receptor risk assessments under uncertainty, which is developed to estimate protective chemical concentration limits in a source area. In this paper, according to the summary of the 3MRA model and its development and application at home and abroad, it is affirmed that 3MRA model has a good prospect of application. Finally, the methods of referencing and using model are proposed from four aspects, providing decision-making basis for waste management in our country.

文章引用: 吴晓霞 , 陈扬 , 尹连庆 , 刘俐媛 , 李路远 , 张智勇 (2014) 3MRA模型在环境风险评价中的应用发展及前景分析 。 环境保护前沿, 4, 84-90. doi: 10.12677/AEP.2014.43013

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