农村炉灶对室内空气品质的影响研究
The Impact of Rural Cooking Range on Air Quality

作者: 王哲 , 吕阳 , 李奇峰 , 苏 州 :大连理工大学土木工程学院,大连;

关键词: 农村炉灶二氧化碳室内空气品质换气次数评价指数Rural Cooking Range Carbon Dioxide Indoor Air Condition Ventilation Rate Evaluation of Sub-Indices of CO2

摘要:

本研究以辽宁省营口市一户农村家庭为研究对象,利用MCH-383SD CO2浓度/温、湿度记忆仪对其夏季室内外空气品质进行连续监测,以二氧化碳评价分指数对炉灶使用前后对人舒适感的影响进行评价,研究农村炉灶对室内空气品质的影响并探讨其改善方法。研究结果表明:农村炉灶的使用降低了室内空气品质,且不同房间受到的影响各异;通过对示踪气体CO2浓度与换气次数的线性拟合,得出其具有良好的线性相关性,基于本研究提出改善农村住宅室内空气品质的措施

Abstract:
This research targets a rural family in Yingkou City, Liaoning Province, utilizing MCH-383SD carbon dioxide concentration/temperature, humidity monitor to constantly monitor its Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in summer, evaluates the influence of using stove on human comfort using evaluation of sub-indices of CO2, and studies the impact of rural cooking range on air quality and discusses the approaches to improve the air quality. The result indicates that the utility of rural cooking range decreases indoor air quality and the impact on it varies from house to house; meanwhile, a good linear dependence between the concentration of the trace gascarbon dioxide and the ventilation rate appears by a linear fitting between them. The final goal is to render measures to improve IAQ based on the research.

文章引用: 王哲 , 吕阳 , 李奇峰 , 苏 州 (2014) 农村炉灶对室内空气品质的影响研究。 环境保护前沿, 4, 63-71. doi: 10.12677/AEP.2014.43010

参考文献

[1] Padilla, R.P., Schilmann, A., Rodriguez, R.R., et al. (2010) Respiratory health effects of indoor air pollution. The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 14, 1079-1086.

[2] Jan, E.W., Andre, M.M. and Henricus, J.M. (1991) Indoor air quality in renovated Dutch homes. Indoor Air, 1, 621- 633.

[3] Beak, S., Kim, Y. and Perry, R. (1997) Indoor air quality in homes, offices and restaurants in Korean urban areas. Atmospheric Environment, 31, 529-544.

[4] Parikh, J., Laxmi, V. and Biswas, H. (2001) Exposure from cooking with biofuels: Pollution monitoring and analysis for rural Tamil Nadu, India. Energy, 26, 949-962.

[5] Molloy, S.B. (2012) Indoor air quality in typical temperate zone Australian dwellings. Atmospheric Environment, 54, 400-407.

[6] 李金娟, 郭兴强, 杨荣师, 等 (2012) 贵州农村室内PM2.5污染水平及影响因素分析. 环保污染与防治, 1, 19-23.

[7] 杨真 (2010) 严寒地区农村住宅室内空气状况改善与通风策略研究. 硕士论文, 哈尔滨工业大学, 哈尔滨.

[8] 魏泉源, 肖俊华 (2009) 农村可再生能源综合建设对CO2减排的贡献. 二氧化碳减排控制技术与资源化利用研讨会论文集.

分享
Top