茶树育苗盘育苗的栽培基质研究
Studies on Cultivation Matrix for Tea Seeding Culture by Nursery Site

作者: 汪永平 , 文世进 , 袁乾飞 , 周家爽 , 姜金仲 :贵州师范学院,贵州省生物资源开发利用特色重点实验室,贵阳;

关键词: 茶树育苗盘育苗栽培基质松针土红岩粉灰岩粉Camellia sinensis Grow Seedling by Nursery Site Cultivation Matrix Pine Needle Mulch Red and Sedimentary Rock Gray and Sedimentary Rock

摘要:

为了探索贵州省条件下适宜的茶树容器育苗栽培基质,采用贵州省具有丰富资源的松针土、红岩粉及灰岩粉三种栽培基质进行了茶树育苗盘育苗试验,并对三种栽培基质条件下茶种子萌发率、茶苗存活率及生长情况进行了测定。结果表明:松针土栽培基质在种子萌发率、茶苗存活率、茶苗株高及茶苗叶片数方面显著优于另外两种基质;但在茶苗鲜重、干重、叶干重、根干重及茶苗地径、最长叶长度、最长叶宽度影响方面,三种基质无显著性差异。因此,松针土是最好的茶树育苗基质,但在松针土缺乏条件下,灰岩粉可作为替代品使用。

Abstract: In order to explore appropriate cultivation matrix for tea tree container nursery under the condition of Guizhou province, experiments for tea tree seedling cultivation with three kinds of cultivation matrix (pine needle powder soil, red rock and limestone powder), which are rich in Guizhou province, in nursery site were conducted. And seed germination rate, tea seedling survival rate and growth were determined under the condition of three kinds of cultivation matrixes. The results showed that the seed germination rate, tea seedling survival rate, tea seedling height growth and tea seedling leaf number of pine needle soil cultivation matrix were significantly superior to the other two matrixes; but in tea seedling fresh weight, dry weight, root dry weight, seedling ground diameter, length of the longest leaf and leaf width, there was no significant difference among three kinds of matrixes. Therefore, pine needle soil is the best cultivation matrix for tea tree seedling relative to the other two matrixes, but if pine needle soil lacks, limestone powder can be used as an alternative.



Abstract:



Abstract:

文章引用: 汪永平 , 文世进 , 袁乾飞 , 周家爽 , 姜金仲 (2014) 茶树育苗盘育苗的栽培基质研究。 农业科学, 4, 51-59. doi: 10.12677/HJAS.2014.43009

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