城市道路交通噪声对居民影响的模糊评价
The Fuzzy Evaluation of Urban Road Traffic Noise Impact on Residents

作者: 王海云 , 张 婷 , 孙宇婷 :三峡大学水利与环境学院,宜昌;

关键词: 声学城市噪声污染交通噪声FHWA模型模糊聚类Acoustics Urban Noise Pollution Traffic Noise FHWA Model Fuzzy Clustering

摘要:

运用模糊理论,依据道路交通噪声对居民的实际影响,采用城市道路交通噪声对居民影响模糊评价的方法,并以中国宜昌城市道路交通噪声的噪声级、污染强度为实例,针对受声污染环境下居住人口的不同性格、爱好、文化程度、社会经济条件、心理素质等诸多主观因素产生引起的不同主观反应,建立模糊数学评判模型,全面地评价道路交通噪声对居民的实际影响程度,使得评价结果更科学、合理。

Abstract: Establishing fuzzy evaluation method, in terms of the actual influence of the city road traffic noise to the residents, using the fuzzy theory based on the actual impact of road traffic noise on residents, taking the road traffic noise level, pollution intensity of Yichang City in China as an example, aiming at the different subjective reactions of residents living under the environment polluted by noise, which were caused by subjective factors such as population, hobbies, education, social economic condition, psychological quality and so on, fuzzy evaluation model was established, comprehensively evaluating the actual impact of traffic noise on residents, which made the evaluation results more scientific and reasonable.

文章引用: 王海云 , 张 婷 , 孙宇婷 (2014) 城市道路交通噪声对居民影响的模糊评价 。 声学与振动, 2, 1-9. doi: 10.12677/OJAV.2014.21001

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