实施最严格水资源管理制度面临的技术问题与挑战
Technique Controversies and Challenges of Applying the Strictest Water Resources Control System

作者: 刘德地 , 郭生练 , 洪兴骏 :武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室,武汉;水资源安全保障湖北省协同创新中心,武汉; 郭海晋 :长江水利委员会水文局,武汉;

关键词: 最严格水资源管理制度时空分布变化环境动态模型优化配置The Strictest Water Resources Control System Spatial and Temporal Distribution Environment Change Dynamic Model Optimal Allocation

摘要:

我国水资源面临的形势十分严峻,水资源短缺、水污染严重、水生态环境恶化等问题日益突出,已成为制约经济社会可持续发展的主要瓶颈。最严格水资源管理制度是解决我国水问题的有效途径。本文根据最严格水资源管理制度的内涵,在阐述最严格水资源管理与水资源优化配置关系的基础上,分析了目前水资源优化配置研究面临的技术问题与挑战,并从最严格水资源管理的考核要求出发,提出了在最严格水资源管理制度下,动态的水资源优化配置模型结构、求解算法和方案评价等方面的对策和建议,从而为实施最严格水资源管理制度提供技术支撑和保障。

Abstract: China faces a very serious situation of water resources, with increasingly conspicuous problems of water resources shortage, serious water pollution, deterioration of the water ecological environment, and so on, which have become major bottlenecks inhibiting sustainable economic and social development in the country. Applying the strictest water resources control system is the most effective way to solve these water resources problems. The optimal water resources allocation is the core issue of the strictest water resources control system. The challenges and controversies in optimal water resources allocation research under the strictest water resources control system have been analyzed according to the relationship between the strictest water resources control and the optimal water resources allocation. In order to satisfy the requirements of the strictest water resources control system, the dynamic structure of new water resources allocation model, the optimal solution algorithms and the scheme evaluation methods have been presented and suggested. What have been analyzed and suggested in this paper will be very helpful for applying the strictest water resources control system in China.

文章引用: 刘德地 , 郭生练 , 郭海晋 , 洪兴骏 (2014) 实施最严格水资源管理制度面临的技术问题与挑战。 水资源研究, 3, 179-188. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2014.33024

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