未来情景思考中情景记忆和语义记忆的作用
The Role of Episodic and Semantic Memory in Episodic Future Thinking

作者: 王 彤 , 黄希庭 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 未来情景思考情景记忆语义记忆Episodic Future Thinking Episodic Memory Semantic Memory

摘要:

未来情景思考指个体对某个可能在未来发生的个人相关情景性事件思考并预先感受的心理加工。它与人类记忆有着极为密切的联系,从记忆着手探究未来情景思考是了解其机制的一条重要途径。未来情景思考需要同时依赖于情景记忆和语义记忆,情景记忆为其提供原材料,语义记忆为其提供语义框架。未来情景思考可能是在语义记忆提供框架的基础上,对不同情景细节灵活重整的过程。未来的研究可以通过探讨未来情景思考过程中不同记忆间的作用方式,不同未来情景事件中各类记忆的作用程度,以及不同记忆在未来情景思考中作用的时间进程,进而从记忆的角度进一步明确未来情景思考的机制。

Abstract: Episodic future thinking (EFT) is the psychological process which projects someone to think and experience future event in advance. It depends on human memory in a large part. Therefore, it is a shortcut to understand cognitive and brain mechanism of the EFT from memory studies. The abundant evidences from behavioral and neuroscience researches suggest that episodic and semantic memories play important roles in this process. Semantic memory appears to provide framework whiling episodic memory provides episodic details. A successful EFT likely comprises various episodic and semantic details that are flexibly recombined to create a coherent and integrated representation of a specific future event. Thus, the future researching directions are to figure out the way of different types of memory contributing to EFT and whether different future events are equally dependent on the different types of memory, and to make it clear that how different types of memory contribute to EFT dynamically. Depending on these researches, the specific functions of memory in EFT will be certain.

文章引用: 王 彤 , 黄希庭 (2014) 未来情景思考中情景记忆和语义记忆的作用。 心理学进展, 4, 496-505. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.43068

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