Advances in the Biosynthesis Research of Ginsenosides and Key Enzymes
Abstract: Ginsenosides are the major bioactive ingredients of rare traditional Chinese herbs of Panax ginseng and belong to specific types of triterpene saponins. There is much evidence that ginsenosides exert beneficial effects in a wide range of pathological conditions such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, immune deficiency, and aging. It was reported that about 20 key enzymes and the encoding genes related to the biosynthesis of ginsenosides from Panax genus plants have been identified. This paper summarizes new progress in ginseng secondary metabolic pathways and genes of the key enzyme, focusing on the biosynthesis pathway of ginsenosides. In addition, the newly cloned and functionally identified genes encoding those key enzymes in the ginsenosides biosynthesis pathway are introduced in detail.
文章引用: 刘 佳 , 唐中华 (2014) 人参皂苷生物合成途径及关键酶的研究进展。 植物学研究， 3， 84-90. doi: 10.12677/BR.2014.33013
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