箭头线索提示时序效应—主观意识控制的影响
Sequence Effects of Arrow Cueing—The Role of Voluntary Control

作者: 钱 谦 * , 冯 勇 , 王 锋 :昆明理工大学云南省计算机重点实验室,昆明;

关键词: 线索提示效应注意转移时序效应Cueing Effect Attention Orienting Sequence Effect

摘要:

具有指向意义的箭头等线索能够自动的转移观察者的注意到线索所指向的位置或物体上。在符号线索提示范式中,注意系统的这种线索跟随行为被发现受到前次测试中注意转移加工过程的影响,即存在一种时间序列上的效应。当前研究通过改变箭头线索对目标刺激出现位置的预测作用来调查被试的主观意识控制对时序效应的影响。实验结果表明时序效应不受线索预测作用的影响。这一结果支持时序效应的自动记忆检索假说。

People tend to automatically orient their attention to the same object that other people are looking at or an arrow is pointing at. This cue-following behavior has been found to be influenced by the orienting processes of previous trials in a symbolic cueing paradigm. The present study investigated the influence of voluntary control on the sequence effect of arrow cueing by manipulating the cue predictive values. The results show significant sequence effects and the magnitude of effects does not differ for different predictive values. The results support the automatic retrieval hypothesis for the sequence effect.



Abstract:

文章引用: 钱 谦 , 冯 勇 , 王 锋 (2014) 箭头线索提示时序效应—主观意识控制的影响。 心理学进展, 4, 22-27. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.43B005

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