A Way of Integration: The Relationship between Conscious and Unconscious Processes

作者: 涂 燊 :西华师范大学教育学院心理学系,南充; 赵 光 :辽宁师范大学心理学院,大连;

关键词: 意识加工无意识加工完备集合整合途径Conscious Processes Unconscious Processes Complete Set Way of Integration



Abstract: National Institute of Health (NIH) of US will mainly sponsor nine research areas about brain, one of which is to integrate theory, modeling, statistics, and computation with experimentation. In this review, we speculate that the relationship between conscious and unconscious processes might be a candidate way of integration. As to relationship between conscious and unconscious processes, there are four aspects: 1) the interactive influences within/among conscious processes, which mainly reflect the role of attention on consciousness; 2) the unconscious modulation on conscious processes, which is studied mostly in unconscious priming paradigm; 3) the conscious modulation on unconscious processes; 4) the interactive influence within/among unconscious processes, which is seldom investigated by now. Based on recent findings, we mainly focus on the last two points, especially the possibility of interactions between unconscious processes and its theory implications (reinterpretation of mechanism of creativity, modification of global neural workspace theory, integration of different consciousness theories, new interpretation of resting state, sleeping and cognitive resources). In addition, recent studies showed that top-down category selective attention (i.e. consciousness) modulated unconscious processes in a continuous manner because of continuous-changed degree of contour alternation. At last, we first posited that interactions within/among unconscious processes could serve as a bridge between conscious and unconscious modulations on each other. From the viewpoint of conscious/unconscious process, the last three points might form a complete set of cognitive mechanism in brain research and serve as a candidate way of integration.

文章引用: 涂 燊 , 赵 光 (2014) 一条整合途径:无意识加工与意识加工之间的关系 。 心理学进展, 4, 473-484. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.43065


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