曲面上色临界图点数的上界
Upper Bound for the Number of Vertices of Color-Critical Graphs on Surfaces

作者: 李青青 , 晁福刚 , 路伟华 , 任 韩 :华东师范大学数学系,上海;

关键词: 嵌入亏格着色色临界图Embedding Genus Coloring Color-Critical Graph

摘要:
Dirac观察到:对每个固定的曲面S和每个固定的自然数k ≥ 8,曲面S上仅有有限多个k-色临界图。MoharThomassen证明了:对于亏格g ≥ 2的曲面S,曲面S上的7-色临界图的点数少于138(g ‒ 1)。我们借助于Euler公式和Gallai所发展起来的研究色临界图的方法,改进了这个结果,给出了曲面S上的7-色临界图的个数是有限的一个比较简洁的证明。除此以外,我们还给出曲面S上的每一个k-色临界图(k ≥ 7)的点数上界的一个统一的表达式。
Dirac observed that, for each fixed surface and each natural number k ≥ 8, there are only finitely many k-color-critical graphs on S. Mohar and Thomassen proved that for a surface S of genus g ≥ 2, every 7-color-critical graph on S has less than 138(g ‒ 1) vertices. Using Euler formula and the critical-graphs methods of Gallai, we improve this result and give a simple proof that the number of 7-color-critical graphs is finite. We also give unified expression for an upper bound of vertices of k-color-critical graphs (k ≥ 7) on surfaces.

文章引用: 李青青 , 晁福刚 , 路伟华 , 任 韩 (2014) 曲面上色临界图点数的上界。 应用数学进展, 3, 49-53. doi: 10.12677/AAM.2014.32008

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