负性情绪对阈下反应抑制的影响研究
Negative Emotion Impact Unconsciously Triggered Response Inhibition

作者: 徐梦思 , 杨 东 :西南大学心理学部,重庆; Cody Ding :西南大学心理学部,重庆;密苏里大学圣路易斯分校教育心理学系,圣路易斯;

关键词: 情绪恐惧厌恶反应抑制Emotion Fear Disgust Response Inhibition

摘要: 前人研究表明,负性情绪会阻碍阈上反应抑制,而恐惧和厌恶虽然都是高唤醒的负性情绪,但对知觉、注意的影响是不同的。本研究采用masked go/no-go范式,进一步考察了负性情绪,特别是恐惧和厌恶情绪对阈下反应抑制的影响。结果发现:负性情绪阻碍了阈下反应抑制,而恐惧和厌恶情绪对阈下反应抑制的影响可能是不同的

Abstract: Previous researches show that negative emotion impairs conscious response inhibition. Even disgust and fear were both negative emotion with high arousal, and they had different effects on sensory and attention. With the masked go/no-go paradigm, this study aimed to discuss the impact of negative emotion (especially disgust and fear) on unconscious triggered response inhibition. The results suggested that negative emotion impaired subconscious response inhibition, also, disgust and fear may have different effects on it.

文章引用: 徐梦思 , Cody Ding , 杨 东 (2014) 负性情绪对阈下反应抑制的影响研究。 心理学进展, 4, 359-366. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.43051

参考文献

[1] Algom, D., Chajut, E., & Lev, S. (2004). A rational look at the emotional Stroop phenomenon: A generic slowdown, not a Stroop effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 133, 323.

[2] Carretie, L., Ruiz-Padial, E., Lopez-Martin, S., & Albert, J. (2011). Decomposing unpleasantness: Differential exogenous attention to disgusting and fearful stimuli. [Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t]. Biological Psychology, 86, 247-253.

[3] De Houwer, J., & Tibboel, H. (2010). Stop what you are not doing! Emotional pictures interfere with the task not to respond. [Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t]. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 17, 699-703.

[4] Dehaene, S., & Naccache, L. (2001). Towards a cognitive neuroscience of consciousness: Basic evidence and a workspace framework. Cognition, 79, 1-37.

[5] Fox, E., Russo, R., Bowles, R., & Dutton, K. (2001). Do threatening stimuli draw or hold visual attention in subclinical anxiety? Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 681.

[6] Hartikainen, K. M., Siiskonen, A. R., & Ogawa, K. H. (2012). Threat interferes with response inhibition. Neuroreport, 23, 447-450.

[7] Hommel, B. (2007). Consciousness and control: Not identical twins. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 14, 1-2.

[8] Jiang, J., Bailey, K., Chen, A., Cui, Q., & Zhang, Q. (2013). Unconsciously triggered emotional conflict by emotional facial expressions. [Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t]. PLoS One, 8, e55907.

[9] Krusemark, E. A., & Li, W. (2011). Do all threats work the same way? Divergent effects of fear and disgust on sensory perception and attention. [Comparative Study Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural]. Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 3429- 3434.

[10] Libkuman, T. M., Otani, H., Kern, R., Viger, S. G., & Novak, N. (2007). Multidimensional normative ratings for the international affective picture system. Behavior research methods, 39, 326-334.

[11] Lindstrom, B. R., & Bohlin, G. (2012). Threat-relevance impairs executive functions: Negative impact on working memory and response inhibition. [Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t]. Emotion, 12, 384-393.

[12] Nicol, J. R., Perrotta, S., Caliciuri, S., & Wachowiak, M. P. (2013). Emotion-specific modulation of early visual perception. Cognition and Emotion, 27, 1478-1485.

[13] Pessoa, L., Padmala, S., Kenzer, A., & Bauer, A. (2012). Interactions between cognition and emotion during response inhibition. [Comparative Study Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural]. Emotion, 12, 192-197.

[14] Robinson, O. J., Krimsky, M., & Grillon, C. (2013). The impact of induced anxiety on response inhibition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, 69.

[15] Schienle, A., Schafer, A., Stark, R., Walter, B., & Vaitl, D. (2005). Gender differences in the processing of disgust- and fear-inducing pictures: An fMRI study. Neuroreport, 16, 277-280.

[16] Susskind, J. M., Lee, D. H., Cusi, A., Feiman, R., Grabski, W., & Anderson, A. K. (2008). Expressing fear enhances sensory acquisition. [Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t]. Nature Neuroscience, 11, 843-850.

[17] van Gaal, S., & Lamme, V. A. (2012). Unconscious high-level information processing: Implication for neurobiological theories of consciousness. [Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t Review]. Neuroscientist, 18, 287-301.

[18] van Gaal, S., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Fahrenfort, J. J., Scholte, H. S., & Lamme, V. A. (2008). Frontal cortex mediates unconsciously triggered inhibitory control. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 8053-8062.

[19] van Gaal, S., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Scholte, H. S., & Lamme, V. A. (2010). Unconscious activation of the prefrontal no-go network. [Comparative Study Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t]. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 4143-4150.

[20] van Hooff, J. C., Devue, C., Vieweg, P. E., & Theeuwes, J. (2013). Disgust- and not fear-evoking images hold our attention. Acta Psychologica (Amst), 143, 1-6.

[21] Verbruggen, F., & De Houwer, J. (2007). Do emotional stimuli interfere with response inhibition? Evidence from the stop signal paradigm. Cognition and Emotion, 21, 391-403.

[22] Vermeulen, N., Godefroid, J., & Mermillod, M. (2009). Emotional modulation of attention: fear increases but disgust reduces the attentional blink. [Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov’t]. PLoS One, 4, e7924.

[23] Wheaton, M. G., Holman, A., Rabinak, C. A., Macnamara, A., Proudfit, G. H., & Phan, K. L. (2013). Danger and disease: Electrocortical responses to threat- and disgust-eliciting images. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 90, 235-239.

分享
Top