中国南方R河洪水特征研究
Research on Characters of Flood of R River in South China

作者: 陈俊贤 :中水珠江规划勘测设计有限公司,广州;河海大学水利水电工程学院,南京; 孔 兰 , 蒋任飞 :中水珠江规划勘测设计有限公司,广州;

关键词: 洪水峰型变化特征梯级开发Flood The Shape of Flood Peak Characteristics of Variation Cascade Hydropower Development

摘要: 利用我国南方一多沙河流控制性水文站1957~2009年的实测资料研究了洪水变化规律。结果表明:1) 该流域年最大洪量有增加趋势,流域大洪水发生的频率越来越高,周期越来越短;2) 洪水与年降水量、年径流量呈高度正相关关系;洪水与年径流量的相关性比洪水与年降水量的相关性更密切;3) 受各种因素影响,洪水过程呈现尖瘦化的趋势

Abstract:

In this study, we analyzed the measured data from 1957 to2009at a station and found flood characteristics of variation of R River in southChina. The results show that: 1) THE annual maximum peak discharge in the drainage basin has an increasing trend. The floods occur with increasing frequency and cycles of floods are getting shorter and shorter; 2) There are highly positive correlation of annual precipitation, annualrunoff and flood; the correlation is more closely between flood andrunoff than flood and annual precipitation; 3) The process of flood is becoming sharper and thinner because of different factors.

文章引用: 陈俊贤 , 孔 兰 , 蒋任飞 (2014) 中国南方R河洪水特征研究。 水资源研究, 3, 117-123. doi: 10.12677/JWRR.2014.32017

参考文献

[1] 韩平, 程先福. 洪水灾害损失评估研究综述[J]. 环境科学与管理, 2012, 37(4): 61-64.
HAN Ping, CHENG Xianfu. Review on flood disaster loss evaluation. Environmental Science and Management, 2012, 37(4): 61-64. (in Chinese)

[2] HUANG, Z. W., ZHOU, J. Z. Flood disaster loss comprehensive evaluation and model based on opti-mization support vector machine. Expert System with Applications, 2010, 37(5): 3810-3814.

[3] 李志龙, 毛德华, 冯畅. 澧水洪水特征及变化规律[J]. 水资源研究, 2013, 2(3): 213-221.
LI Zhilong, MAO Dehua and FENG Chang. Flood characteristics and variation of Lishui River. Journal of Water Resources Research, 2013, 2(3): 213-221. (in Chinese)

[4] 高攀宇, 李身渝, 曾适, 等. 嘉陵江流域暴雨洪水特征及预报[J]. 人民长江, 2012, 42(11): 56-59.
GAO Panyu, LI Shenyu, ZENG Shi, et al. Characteristics and forecast of storm flood in Jialing River Basin. Yangtze River, 2012, 42(11): 56-59. (in Chinese)

[5] 苏灵, 梁才贵. 广西境内西江干流洪水特征变化初探[J]. 水文, 2012, 32(1): 92-96.
SU Ling, LIANG Caigui. Characteristics of floods on main Stream of Xijiang River in Guangxi. Journal of China Hydrology, 2012, 32(1): 92-96. (in Chinese)

[6] 孔兰, 陈俊贤, 陈晓宏. 南方多沙河流水沙演变特征及水库的影响分析[J]. 水文, 2012, 32(4): 49-53.
KONG Lan, CHEN Junxian and CHEN Xiao-hong. Characters of sediment load and runoff evolution and influence of reservoir: A case study on sandy river in South China. Hydrology, 2012, 32(4): 49-53. (in Chinese)

[7] 孔兰, 陈俊贤. 多沙河流水沙年内分配特征研究[J]. 水力发电, 2012, 38(6): 12-15.
KONG Lan, CHEN Junxian. Annual distrlbution characteristic of sediment and runoff load of sediment-laden river. Water Power, 2012, 38(6): 12-15. (in Chinese)

分享
Top