北京市西城区老年人健康现状调查
Investigation on Health Status of the Elderly in Beijing Xicheng District

作者: 白旭晶 , 宋岳涛 , 高茂龙 , 刘相国 :北京老年医院—北京市中西医结合老年病学研究所,北京;

关键词: 老年健康状况横断面调查The Elderly Health Status Cross-Sectional Survey

摘要:
目的:通过对北京市西城区老年人健康现状做横断面调查,便于北京市老年政策的制定和实施;方法:应用流行病学现场横断面调查的方法,对北京市西城区三个社区(展览路葡萄园,法源寺小区,卫生部小区)1006位老年人进行面对面的调查;结果:过去一年中,有208位发生过跌倒,站总调查人数的20.7%。有230位老年人出现过尿湿过裤子或者尿床,占22.9%;在230位出现过尿失禁的老年人中,有99位认为已经影响日常生活或外出活动,占尿失禁老人的43.0%。有486位老年人患有持续一个月以上的慢性疼痛,占总调查人数的48.3%486位中,有13人不清楚病因,占2.67%411位是躯体痛(源于退行性关节病和肌肉骨骼疾病),占84.6%;有38位是神经痛,如带状疱疹、三叉神经痛、截肢后的患肢痛、坐骨神经痛、头痛等,占7.8%;内脏痛22人,占4.5%;癌性疼痛2人,占0.4%486位慢性疼痛老年人中,有4位服用止痛药物,占0.8%43人理疗,占8.8%13人做康复训练,占2.7%;有2位采用多种措施,占0.4%;剩余的437位选择了不做任何处理,占89.9%1006位调查者中,有316位老人有睡眠障碍,占31.4%,其中,有156位服用药物帮助睡眠,占49.4%1006位调查者中,体重过轻BMI < 18.545位,占4.5%;正常18.5 BMI < 24453位,占45.0%;体重过重24 BMI < 27298位,占29.6%;轻度肥胖27 BMI < 30123位,占12.2%;中度肥胖30 BMI < 3539位,占3.9%;重度肥胖BMI ≥ 3548位,占4.8%。结论:本次研究老年人的睡眠,体重指数,自理能力与以往别的省市的文献相比较,结论一致。

Abstract:
Objective: To formulate and implement policies for the elderly in Beijing through the cross-sectional survey on the health of the elderly in Beijing Xicheng District. Methods: Epidemiologic field survey method was used to investigate 1006 elderly citizens in three communities of Xicheng district through the questionnaires about the health status. Results: Over the past year, 208 falls, accounting for 20.7% of the total number of the investigation. 230 elderly people appear incontinence, ac- counting for 22.9%; in 230 elderly people who appear incontinence, 99 have affected their daily ac- tivities, accounting for 43.0% of the incontinence elderly people. There are 486 elderly people suf- fering from chronic pain for a month or more, accounting for 48.3% of those surveyed; among them, 13 people do not know the cause, accounting for 2.67%; 411 are somatic pain (from degenerative joint disease and musculoskeletal disorders), accounting for 84.6%; there are 38 neuralgia, such as herpes zoster, trigeminal neuralgia, phantom limb pain after amputation, sciatica, headache, ac- counting for 7.8%; 22 people have visceral pain, accounting for 4.5%; 2 have cancer pain, accounting for 0.4%. There are 486 elderly people suffering from chronic pain, of which four have taken pain medications, accounting for 0.8%. 43 people have done physical therapy, accounting for 8.8%; 13 people have done rehabilitation training, accounting for 2.7%, and 2 have used a variety of meas- ures, accounting for 0.4%; the remaining 437 choose no treatment, accounting for 89.9%. In the survey, there were 316 elderly people with sleep disorders, accounting for 31.4%, of which there are 156 taking medication to help sleep, accounting for 49.4%. In the survey, 45 elderly people are un- derweight with BMI less than 18.5, accounting for 4.5%; 453 elderly people are normal with 18.5 ≤ BMI < 24, accounting for 45.0%; 298 people are overweight with 24 ≤ BMI < 27, accounting for 29.6%; 123 people are mildly obese with 27 ≤ BMI < 30, accounting for 12.2%; 39 people are moderately obese with 30 ≤ BMI < 35, accounting for 3.9%; 48 people are severe obese with BMI more than 35, accounting for 4.8%. Conclusion: In this study, compared with the past literature in other provinces, we have the same conclusion in the sleep, body mass index and self-care ability of the elderly.

文章引用: 白旭晶 , 宋岳涛 , 高茂龙 , 刘相国 (2014) 北京市西城区老年人健康现状调查。 老龄化研究, 1, 29-33. doi: 10.12677/ar.2014.11005

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