茜草科7种木质藤本茎部异常构造
The Anomalous Structure of Stems of Seven Rubiaceae Lianas

作者: 杨胜任 , 陈柏豪 , 范 轩 , 李冠纬 , 陈月凤 :国立屏东科技大学森林系,台湾屏东县;

关键词: 茜草科木质藤本异常构造次生韧皮部Anomalous Structure Lianas Rubiaceae Secondary Phloem

摘要:
茜草科是台湾低海拔次生林及阔叶林之优势科之一,缺乏木质藤本形成层变异资料。本研究目的探讨茜草科7种木质藤本茎形成层变异,绘制拍照横切面构造图、制作检索表以及描述茎部各部位构造,供野外采集调查及鉴定上之参考。本文归类出4种木质部形态,即深裂状有南投凉喉茶、红珠藤、羊角藤;两浅裂状为鸡屎藤;毛玉叶金花、拎壁龙为圆形;恒春钩藤为角状。除鸡屎藤外,其余6种均具内含韧皮部,恒春钩藤内含韧皮部四方形最为特殊。拎壁龙具不定根。红珠藤和羊角藤具木栓层构造。南投凉喉茶、鸡屎藤、毛玉叶金花、拎壁龙具火焰状次生韧皮部;次生韧皮部与次生木质部镶嵌在一起为南投凉喉茶、红珠藤和羊角藤。南投凉喉茶是唯一具有火焰状次生韧皮部、次生韧皮部与木质部镶嵌等2种特征且髓心偏一侧。

Abstract:
Rubiaceae are one of the dominant families in the broad leaved forest of Taiwan in low altitude, including some lianas. There was a paucity of the cambium variations of lianas in this family that affects the lianas identification correctly. The aims of this study are to identify the cambium variation of Rubiaceae seven liana stems, line drawings, photo the cross-section of stem structures, and make an indented key in order to aid the field survey. Four xylem types are found, including deeply lobe types such as Hedyotis hedyotidea, Morinda parvifolia and Morinda umbellate; two- lobed type as Paederia foetida; circular type as Mussaenda pubescens, Psychotria serpens, and Uncaria lanosa var. appendiculata belonging to angular type. Except Paederia foetida, six species develop including phloem. The specific character of Uncaria lanosa var. appendiculata about included phloem is square shape. Psychotria serpens develop adventitious root, and Morinda parvifolia and Morinda umbellata were together with thick phellem. Four species with flame secondary phloem are Hedyotis hedyotidea, Paederia foetida, Mussaenda pubescens, and Psychotria serpens. Secondary xylem and secondary phloem developing mosaic pattern are Hedyotis hedyotidea, Morinda parvifolia and Morinda umbellata. Only one species with flame secondary phloem and mosaic pattern is Hedyotis hedyotidea in which its pith is eccentric.

文章引用: 杨胜任 , 陈柏豪 , 范 轩 , 李冠纬 , 陈月凤 (2014) 茜草科7种木质藤本茎部异常构造。 植物学研究, 3, 47-62. doi: 10.12677/BR.2014.32009

参考文献

[1] Hsieh, C.F. (2003) Composition, endemism and phytogeographical affinities of Taiwan flora. In: Huang, T.C., Ed., Flora of Taiwan, 2nd Edition, Vol. 6, 1-14.

[2] Gentry, A.H. (1985) Anecotaxonomic survey of Panamanian lianas. In: Darcy, W.G. and Correa, M.D., Eds., Historia Natural de Panama, Monographs of Systematic Botany, Missouri Botanical Garden, Saint Louis.

[3] Beck, C.B. (2011) An Introduction to plant structure and development: Plant anatomy for the twenty-first century. 2nd Edition, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

[4] Mauseth, J.D. (1988) Plant anatomy.

[5] Caballé, G. (1993) Liana structure, function and selection: A comparative study of xy-lem cylinders of tropical rainforest species in Africa and America. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 113, 41-60.

[6] Hawthorne, W.D. and Jongkind, C.C.H. (2006) The woody plants of western African forests: A guide to the forest tree, shrubs and lianas from Senegal to Ghana. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

[7] Isnard, S. and Silk, W.K. (2009) Moving with climbing plants from Charles Darwin’s time into the 21st century. American Journal of Bo-tany, 96, 1205-1221.

[8] Angyalossy, V., Angeles, G., Marcelo, R.P., Lima, A.C., Dias-Leme, C.L., Lohmann, L.G. and Madero-Vega, C. (2012) An overview on the anatomy, development and evolution of the vascular system of lianas. Plant Ecology & Diversity, 5, 167-182.

[9] 杨胜任, 陈建帆, 赖冠伶 (2013) 夹竹桃科及萝摩科12种木质藤本茎部异常构造. 国立台湾博物馆学刊, 66, 57-86.

[10] Metcalfe, C.R. and Chalk, L. (1985) Anatomy of the dicotyledons: Volume II: Wood structure and conclusion of the general introduction. 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press, New York.

[11] Bufford, D.E., Chang, C.E., Chaw, S.M., Chen, C.H., Deng, M.J., Hartley, T.C., Hoch, P.C., Hsieh, C.F., Hsieh, T.H., Huang, S.F., Huang, T.C., Kao, M.T., Li, H.L., Lievens, A.W., Lin, S.C., Liu, H.Y., Liu, T.S., Liu, Y.C., Lo, H.C., Lu, F.Y., Lu, S.Y., Ohashi, H., Ou, C.H., Peng, C.I., Raven, P.H., Tang, W.S., Wagner, W.L., Wang, C.M., Wang, J.C., Yang, A.T.Y., Yang, K.C. and Yang, Y.P. (1993) Flora of Taiwan. 2nd Edition, Vol. 3, Editorial Committee, Department of Botany, Nationl Taiwan University, Taipei.

[12] Boufford, D.E., Hsien, C.F., Huang, T.C., Lowry, P.P.H., Ohashi, H. and Peng, C.I. (1998) Flora of Taiwan. 2nd Edition, Vol. 4, Editorial Committee, Department of Botany, National Taiwan University, Taipei.

[13] Carlquist, S. (1991) 2. Anatomy of vine and liana stems: A review and synthesis. In: Putz, F.E. and Mooney, H.A., Eds., The Biology of Vines, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 53-71.

[14] Carlquist, S. (2001) 8. Cambial variants (anomalous secondary growth). In: Carlquist, S., Ed., Comparative Wood Anatomy, Systematic, Ecological and Evolutionary Aspects of Dicotyledon Wood, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 271-295.

[15] 蔡淑华 (1973) 植物解剖学(全1册). 国立编译馆, 台北.

[16] 刘业经, 吕福原, 欧辰雄 (1994) 台湾树木志. 国立中兴大学农学院出版, 台中.

[17] 陈建帆, 陈柏豪, 杨胜任 (2013) 台湾中南部地区藤本植物的攀爬类型. 中华林学季刊, 46, 441-460.

[18] Lindorf, H. (2005) Bark and wood anatomy of (Uncaria guianensis) and Uncaria tomentosa (cat’s claw). IAWA Journal, 26, 239-251.

[19] Gattuso, M., Sapio1, Di, O., Gattuso, S. and Pereyra, E.L. (2004) Morphoanatomical studies of Uncaria tomentosa and Uncaria guianensis bark and leaves. Phytomedicine, 11, 213-223.

[20] 徐列庆 (2011) 台湾产及市售钩藤对小鼠忧郁模式之抗忧郁作用比较研究. 硕士论文, 中国药学暨中药资源学系, 台中.

[21] 周俊孝 (2009) 钩藤碱功能性地转换延迟整流型钾离子通道成为A型钾离子通道. 硕士论文, 中国医药大学神经科学与认知科学研究所, 台中.

[22] 张婷翔 (2009) 台湾产钓藤(钩藤)之生药学研究. 硕士论文, 中国医药大学中国药学研究所, 台中.

分享
Top