国际情绪图片系统的评估方式研究——以年轻成人为例
The International Affective Picture System (IAPS)——Comparison of Evaluating Method in Young Adults Sample

作者: 黄玟绮 , 蒋世光 :国立东华大学咨商与临床心理系,花莲市;

关键词: 国际情绪图片系统SAM量表九点量表年轻成人IAPS SAM Scale Likert Scale Young Adult

摘要: 国际情绪图片系统的发展是为了提供大量标准化,能激发情绪且可以跨国使用的包含广泛语意类别的照片。国际情绪图片系统的研发者使用自我评定模型“一种非语文的图形评估技术”来测量参与者在图片的愉悦度、唤醒度和控制度上的反应。本研究的目的是检验自我评定模型与九点量表间的差异与相关。研究对象:26位受试者平均分为两组,每组针对72IAPS照片在间隔4周以九点量表与SAM量表分别进行评估,但两组施测顺序采对抗平衡设计。研究结果:对于年轻成人两种评估方式在愉悦度、唤醒度和控制度皆有良好的内部一致性,且两种评估方式的结果没有明显差异。结论与建议:两种方式在年轻成人评估IAPS时都适用,但本研究也存在受试者控制度评估变异较大,未能对年轻成人以外的群体进行两种方式比较的限制,建议欲应用本研究结果时应注意前述限制。

Abstract: The International Affective Picture System (IAPS) was developed to provide a large set of standardized, emotionally evocative, internationally accessible photographs from a wide range of semantic categories. The researcher used the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM), a non-verbal pictorial assessment technique, to measure the pleasure, arousal and dominance associated with the effects of IAPS on the participants. The aim of the present study was to check the difference and any correlation between SAM and a nine-point Likert scale. Twenty-six university students (aged 18-30 years) participated and evaluated 72 pictures twice over four weeks from IAPS using the SAM scale and a nine-point Likert. There were three results. First, the reliability of the internal consistency of the nine-point Likert scale was good. Second, the nine-point Likert scale was significantly correlated with SAM scale. Third, there were no significant differences between the means of the three dimensions of the nine-point Likert scale and the norm of IAPS. In conclusion, the two evaluation methods of IAPS are suitable to be used on young adults. The present data have provided the author with the opportunity to discuss its applications and limitations, as well as relevant recommendations for future research.

文章引用: 黄玟绮 , 蒋世光 (2014) 国际情绪图片系统的评估方式研究——以年轻成人为例。 心理学进展, 4, 202-209. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.42031

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