从台湾封溪护渔之执行成效检讨河川环境治理
A Review of the River Environmental Governance from Implementation Effects of the River Enclosing and Fish Protection in Taiwan

作者: 陈湘媛 :中华大学景观建筑学系,新竹市; 陈湘繁 :国立台北大学通识教育中心,新北市;

关键词: 封溪护渔环境态度环境策略环境复育环境教育River Reserve Environmental Attitude Environmental Strategy Environmental Restoration Environmental Education

摘要:
封溪护渔之目的在于让河川休养生息,资源得以永续经营,然而至今于封溪河段仍可见不当疏浚或兴筑大型公共设施与景观餐厅等行为。本研究对苗栗县的封溪护渔执行成效进行检讨,发现其成败系于地方意见领袖的价值观与环境态度,是影响居民决定支持或反对的重要关键。至于公部门在护渔行动中所处之角色,则常是被动消极而非从整体资源保育的角度着眼,且其业务常彼此重迭,也连带影响河川环境管理之效率。鉴于现阶段之护渔工作仅局限于鱼类资源之保护,对于业已破坏或不当使用之河域资源,迄未建立环境监测系统以及拟订复育计划,因此局限了封溪护渔的效益,本研究据此建议应透过环境教育,动员民间的力量在河川环境复育方面扮演更积极的角色。

Abstract:
The objective of river enclosing and fish protection is to recuperate river ecology in an attempt to achieve sustainable management of natural resources. However, improper dredging works and construction of public facilities, as well as panoramic restaurants beside rivers, still commonly occur today. This project examined cases of river reserves at Miaoli, for their policies and implementation effects towards the river enclosing and fish protection. We found that the values and environmental attitudes of the local representatives were critical for residents to support or oppose certain reserve development. On the other hand, the public sectors generally played a passive role and did not operate based on the integral viewpoint of resource conservation. Additionally, the affairs of the public sectors often overlap which impact on the efficiency of environmental management. As the existing efforts of river reserve are mainly confined to protecting fish resources, holistic restoration strategies and environmental monitoring system for controlling land use and restoring natural ecology of disturbed land and ecology are deficient. This study suggested that environmental education with a more active and powerful role in environmental restoration played by the grassroots is considered important and should be encouraged.

文章引用: 陈湘媛 , 陈湘繁 (2014) 从台湾封溪护渔之执行成效检讨河川环境治理。 环境保护前沿, 4, 1-8. doi: 10.12677/AEP.2014.41001

参考文献

[1] 李琼如 (2001) 山美邹族从事达娜伊谷溪资源管理之探讨. 硕士论文, 国立台中师范学院, 台中.

[2] 全国河川禁渔信息 (2013)
http://forum.pchome.com.tw/content/56/75914

[3] Mitsch, W.J. and Jørgensen, S.E. (2003) Ecological engineering and ecosystem restoration. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, 125-162.

[4] Wade, P.M., Large, A.R.G. and De Waal, L.C. (1998) Rehabilitation of degraded river habitat: An introduction. In: Rehabilitation of Rivers—Principles and Implementation, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, 1-12.

[5] Shields, F.D., Cooper Jr., C.M., Knight, S.S., et al. (2003) Stream corridor restoration research: A long and winding road. Ecological Engineering, 20, 441-454.

[6] Jasperse, P. (1998) Lowland stream restoration projects in the Netherlands. In: Rehabilitation of Rivers—Principles and Implementation, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., New York, 13-30.

[7] Simons, J. and Boeters, R. (1998) A systematic approach to ecologically sound river bank management. In: Rehabilitation of Rivers—Principles and Implementation, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., New York, 57-86.

[8] Lamont, A. (2006) Policy characterization of ecosystem management. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 113, 5-18.

[9] 林信辉, 林德贵 (2003) 河溪栖地改善方法与对策——以德国为例. 自然生态工法栖地改善技术研讨会, 行政院农委会水保局, 国立中兴大学, 中华水土保持协会, 29-48.

[10] 许龄文 (2008) 封溪护渔河段开放与管理之研究——以双溪河为例. 硕士论文, 国立台湾海洋大学, 基隆.

[11] 马振评 (2004) 台湾封溪护渔保育法规及执行相关问题之探讨. 中国水产, 618, 33-40.

[12] 郭国伟 (1998) 自然保护区实施分权管理制度之研究. 硕士论文, 国立东华大学, 花莲.

[13] 左承伟 (2006) 封溪护鱼的各种面向(上). 大自然季刊, 93, 78-83.

[14] 左承伟 (2007) 封溪护鱼的各种面向(中). 大自然季刊, 94, 62-71.

[15] 林薏伶 (2006) 原住民族部落土地资源自主治理之研究——以苗栗县南庄乡为例. 硕士论文, 国立政治大学, 台北.

[16] 卢道杰 (2004) 台湾现地保育的治理——1990年来一些新兴个案的回顾. 台大实验林研究报告, 1, 13-27.

[17] 渔业署网站 (2013)
http://www.fa.gov.tw/cht/AbFa/index.aspx

[18] 台湾河川复育网 (2013)
http://trrn.wra.gov.tw/trrn/index.do

[19] 张明雄 (2012) 蓬莱溪环境永续经营的愿景. 溪流环境会讯.
http://wagner.zo.ntu.edu.tw/sos/newsletter/

[20] 刘荣春 (2004) 山城鱼乡——苗栗封溪成果集. 苗栗县政府农业局, 苗栗县.

[21] 南庄乡户政事务所网站 (2013)
http://www.miaoli.gov.tw/nanjhuang_household/index.php

[22] 南庄乡公所网站 (2013)
http://www.nanchuang.gov.tw/nanjhuang_township/

分享
Top