“生态学”概念的嬗变及生态文明建设的内涵与实质——兼谈澳大利亚生态文明与社会和谐的几个视点 Conceptual Evolution of “Ecology” and Essence of Eco-Civilization Construction——With a Personal Look at the Eco-Civilization and Social Harmony in Australia
Based on the discussion about the conceptual evolution of “Ecology”, this paper argues that the main aim of ecological research and application is “Ecological regulation and control”, which means the behaviors to make life-system inwardly-synergying while the entirety of life-system overall-adapting to its environments. So the conserving of natural ecosystems, the harmonizing of various political relationships, and the reconciling of social individuals per se and their social-eco-environment all may come down to “adjusting of eco-relationships” or “eco-doings”. Eco-relationships mean the complex connections between life-systems and their environment-systems, surely including internal ones of life-systems. Life-systems are of diversity and hierarchy, temporary-stability and self-evolutioning, conformability and nonlinearity while environment- systems are of diversity and multi-elementity, extensibility and stochasticity, complexity and nonlinearity. The quantities and qualities of environment-systems factors vary from the contents of life-systems, therefore, the ways and methods of “Ecological regulation and control” certainly are diversified, may continuously integrate and optimize to produce better and better doing-effects. However, if our doings are wrong, we will just see the opposite to what we wish, and even if there are some trivial wrong-doings, they may be extremely amplified and resulting in exceeding abominable effects. Eco-civilization implicates that Eco-idea-and-approach runs through all aspects of human productive activities and life, that is, we human beings are always used to thinking, considering and dealing with actual issues by ecological principles and methods in order to enforce sustainable development and social harmony. Eco-idea-and-approach is a master key of our humankind dealing with complicated issues and simultaneously obtaining well-beings. Without globally-common “Ecological doings” or “Eco-doings”, there would be no global ecological security, social stability and harmonic development. The essence of “Eco-civilization construction” is self-awareness, normalization and the implementing course of “Eco-doings”. In view of one-year visit to Australia, I hereby recommended simply some referential systematically and scientifically doings in politics, education, social activity, environmental protection, urban construction, and city transportation and administration in Australia. Meanwhile, I noticed that the learning for Chinese Language and Culture is growing there because many Aussie are eager for having a good acquaintance about Chinese history, tradition, and current situation, especially Chinese Characteristic Socialist System, which has been demonstrating its advantages and motivating Chinese economy and the whole society to develop rapidly with glorious perspectives like the rising sun. Indeed, human beings need to study unremittingly and make progress, to comprehend increasingly the nature, themselves and other nationalities and nations. Moreover, mankind can be aware of himself being smaller and smaller when he rises up to a new terrace each time, and realize deeply the subtleness among human individual, nature and society, and accordingly promote this harmonic production and life more conscientiously and industriously. Nevertheless, there still should be a pressing, systematical and deepgoing research task so as to fully improve Chinese Eco-civilization construction and social harmony on all aspects by integrating Chinese splendid traditional culture and Western modern sci-tech culture to well shape Chinese characteristic Eco-culture and to make “Ecological doings”, consciously, normalizingly and creatively.