视觉工作记忆内容引导情绪面孔的视觉搜索
Visual Working Memory Influence the Attentional Selection of Emotional Faces

作者: 范玲霞 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;; Cody Ding :西南大学心理学部,重庆;密苏里大学圣路易斯分校教育心理学系,圣路易斯; 郭仁露 :温州大学心理与行为研究所,温州; 杨 东 :西南大学心理学部,重庆;

关键词: 工作记忆简笔画面孔注意分配 Working Memory Schematic Face Attention Allocation

摘要: 本文通过采用记忆任务和视觉搜索任务相结合的方式,以简笔画情绪面孔为材料,探讨了视觉工作记忆内容对情绪面孔视觉搜索的影响。结果发现:不同工作记忆内容条件下对情绪面孔搜索的反应时存在显著差异,对两种情绪面孔搜索的反应时在无效信息条件下显著慢于有效信息条件下。结果表明,工作记忆内容能够引导情绪面孔的视觉搜索,实验结果拓展了偏向竞争理论模型的适用范围。
 With the combined memory task and visual search paradigm, this study aimed to discuss the influence of contents of visual working memory to visual search of emotional faces. The results showed that the effect of the contents of visual working memory was significant. And the RTs were significantly longer in the invalid condition than in the valid condition for not only happy face but also angry face. The results suggested that the information which was maintained in visual working memory could affect the visual search efficiency of emotional faces. The findings broaden biased competition model.

文章引用: 范玲霞 , Cody Ding , 郭仁露 , 杨 东 (2014) 视觉工作记忆内容引导情绪面孔的视觉搜索。 心理学进展, 4, 104-109. doi: 10.12677/AP.2014.41018

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